H.H SHRIMATH UPENDRA(I) THIRTHA SWAMIJI

H.H SHRIMATH UPENDRA(I) THIRTHA SWAMIJI
 
At the passing away of H.H Shrimath
 
Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji, H.H
 
Shrimath Upendra Thirtha Swamiji
 
became the third Mathadhipathi of Shree
 
Kashi Math Samsthan. Widely travelled
 
from Kashi to Cochin, at a time when
 
travelling facilities were not as fast or
 
convenient as now, the Swamiji had
 
purchased some land on 25th May, 1622
 
in Kashi to enlarge the Moola Math
premises.
 
A copy of the sale deed (Document No.4)
 
(Kannada translation of the Persian
 
original) translated into English is given
 
below:
 
(Kazi Nematulla and Sheikh Maruf Mufti)
 
dated 25th Rajab 1031 A.H. (Sunday 25th
 
May, 1622).
 
This day an honourable gentleman
 
named Jagadisha Rawat, son of
 
Vishwanatha Rawat, son of Narayana
 
Rawat in the administrative town of
 
Banaras being present makes it known
 
that a house with a hall having a wooden
 
ceiling in the west and a similar one in
 
the north, with a courtyard, whose
 
length is 17 1 /2 yards (east west) and
 
whose breadth is 11 yards (north-south)
 
is situated in the Durga Ghat within the
 
Banaras town, and bounded by four –
 
East – adjoining the building bought by
 
Upendra Thirtha, son of Soir Bhat, son of
 
Marthu Bhat.
 
West – adjoining a road.
 
North – adjoining the residence of the
 
said Upendra Thirtha.
 
South – by the side of the Durga Ghat .
 
With all the rights and appurtenences,
 
which was in the ownership and
 
possession of my father, Vishwanatha
 
Rawat. After his death, all these rights
 
and the said property have been
 
inherited by me, his only son. Therefore
 
till today I am the sole owner of the said
 
property. The sale price of the said
 
property has been fixed as Rs.145
 
(Rupees one hundred forty five only) by
 
Sineek Mistry. Now I have sold the said
 
property by sale truly, validly,
 
appropriately, free from ambiguous
 
meanings without deceitful desire,
 
without conceit and without force and
 
without unwillingness to Upendra
 
Thirtha, the owner of the plots adjoining
 
in the east and in the north for the said
 
price, as approved of by the said Mistry.
 
The two parties (the buyer and the seller)
 
have exchanged the said amount and the
 
said property. The responsibility of any
 
loss which might be incurred with
 
respect to this sale shall rest with the
 
seller. These proceedings took place in
 
the presence of trustworthy householders
 
on the said date.
 
Fig. 3 Plot purchased by Upendra Thirtha
from Jagadish Rawal in Banaras
(Document No.4)
1111
Another document (No. (dated Sunday
20th November, 1625) regarding the
purchase of another plot from the same
Jagadisha Rawat by Shrimath Upendra
Thirtha, states as follows:
Sale Deed dated 29th Safar, 1035 A.H.
with the seals of Kazi Sadulla and Mufti
Sheikh Maroof.
The plot is shown in Fig. 3.
 
A respectable person, known by the
 
name of Jagadisha Rawat, son of
 
Vishwanatha Rawat, son of Narayana
 
Rawat in the administrative town of
 
Banaras being present makes it known
 
that a house with a hall with a wooden
 
ceiling facing the east and a courtyard
 
whose width is 13 yards (Ilahi Yards·
 
Ziras) and length 30 yards and a second
 
portion with length 18 1 /2 yards and
 
breadth 11 1 /2 yards situated in the
 
Brahma Ghat within the said town and
 
bounded on the four sides as under :
 
East – the bank of the river Ganga. West
 
– adjoining channel.
 
North – adjoining the residence of one
 
Smt. Shanvai and the Paya Ghat.
 
South – by the side of the famous Durga
 
Ghat.
 
With all the rights and appurtenences
 
and with all the small and greatest which
 
is in it, or form it, which is in my
 
ownership and possession. No one has
 
any right to the said property. The sale
 
price of this property has been fixed by
 
Seni Mistry as Rs.525 (Five hundred and
 
twenty five rupees) half of which is
 
Rs.262 1 /2 In the hands of Upendra
 
Thirtha, son of Soir Bhat, son of Marthu
 
Bhat, a southern Konkani, I have sold by
 
sale truly, validly, appropriately,
 
completely, free from ambiguous
 
meanings, without deceitful desire,
 
without conceit and without force and
 
without unwillingness and the said
 
buyer to the within seller for the said
 
price. The two parties (the buyer and the
 
seller) have exchanged the said amount
 
and the said property. The responsibility
 
of any loss which might be incurred with
 
respect to this sale shall rest with the
 
seller. These proceedings took place in
 
the presence of trustworthy people on
 
the said date.
 
According to a third document (No. 23),
 
the same Jagadisha Rawat sold another
 
plot (Krishna Chowk) in Banaras for
 
Rs.150 to Shrimath Upendra Thirtha.
 
This plot is shown in Fig. 4.
 
Shri Jagadisha Rawat had inherited this
 
plot from his father Vishwanatha Rawat.
 
Thus Shrimath Upendra Thirtha
 
purchased three plots of land from Shri
 
Jagadisha Rawat between 1622 and 1625.
1112222

Earlier, Shrimath Sudhindra Thirtha

 

 

 

 

 

Swamiji (Shishya- Swami of Shrimath

 

Vijayendra Thirtha) of Kumbhakonam

 

Math Samsthan had installed the idol of

 

Lord Venkatesha in Cochin Tirumala

 

Devaswom. on Chaitra Shuddha

 

Poornima of Vikari Samvatsara, Sh. Sh,

 

1521 (Friday, 30-3-1599). The Pratishta

 

shloka is as follows:

 

शाकेक्ष्मा नयनेषु भुपरिमिते वर्षे विकार्याव्हये |

 

चैत्रे चित्रभे संयुते शुभदिने राकातिथौ वासरे ||

 

शुऋे श्री विजयेन्द्रतीर्थे यतिनच्छात्रै सुधीन्द्रवंरै |

 

श्रीमद्वेंकट नायको विजयते गोश्रीपुरे स्थापिता

 

||

 

Shakshema Nayaneshtu Bhuparimite

 

Varsha Vikaaryavyahye |

 

Chaitrai Chitrabhe Samyute Shubha Dine

 

Rakatithou Vaasare ||

 

Shukre Shri Vijayendratirthe

 

Yatinachaathrai Sudhindra Varai |

 

Shrimadvenkata Naayako Vijayathe

 

Gosripure Sthapitha ||

 

After installing the idol, the Swamiji had

 

obtained a letter of authority from his

 

Guru, prescribing the manner in which

 

daily pujas have to be conducted in the

 

temple. A summary of this letter is as

 

follows:-

 

“Rich Goud Saraswath Brahmins of Goa

 

had migrated to Cochin (Gosripuram).

 

These were called Mahajans. You (these

 

Brahmanas) have founded Shri

 

Venkatesha Temple in Cochin. This is a

 

sacred place. In order to protect

 

Swadharma, a committee of 46 people

 

(22 Grihasthas and 24 Vaidikas) was

 

appointed. Also, another committee of 18

 

members (two trustees – Mhala Pai and

 

Prabhu, eight officers and eight

 

Grihasthas) was appointed to look after

 

the daily management of the temple. The

 

Vaidikas should follow Smriti Muktavali,

 

a Vaishnava grantha, given by Shrimath

 

Vijayendra Thirtha for performing the

 

daily pujas in the temple according to

 

Vaishnava code. The trustees and other

 

members of the committee should ensure

 

that these rules are observed faithfully”.

 

Later Shrimath Upendra Thirtha Swamiji

 

visited Cochin. Every day he taught the

 

scriptures and gave religious discourses.

 

The people were blessed with

 

Mantropadesha and Mudra Dharana. It

 

appeared that there were certain

 

difficulties in observing all the rules

 

prescribed by Shrimath Sudhindra

 

Thirtha Swamiji of Kumbakonam Math.

 

The people pleaded, “We do not know

 

anything; since we have little knowledge

 

we commit errors while worshipping

 

Lord Venkatapati, please guide us”. At

 

the request of the Cochin Goud

 

Saraswath Brahmins, Shrimath Upendra

 

Thirtha Swamiji made certain changes in

 

these methods of puja in the temple by

 

teaching them Agama Shastra and a letter

 

of authority (Ajna Rayas) dated Jeshta

 

Shuddha Dvadashi of Jaya Samvatsara,

 

Sh. Sh. 1576 (corresponding to

 

Wednesday, 17th May 1654). The letter

 

is summarised below:

 

“Let Goud Saraswath Brahmins of Cochin

 

be considered as Mahajanas. As decided

 

by the previous Swamiji (Shrimath

 

Sudhindra Thirtha of Kumbhakonam

 

Matha) the Mahajanas comprise

 

Vaidikas, officers and the rest. These

 

three groups contributed their mite in

 

founding the Venkatesha temple as well

 

as for conducting pujas five times a day

 

and Utsavas. The Vaidikas have to

 

perform the pujas according to

 

Pancharatragama. Let the people

 

perform Jati Dharma, Ashrama Dharma,

 

Havya Kavya Karma etc. according to

 

this Grantha. When we are away on

 

pilgrimage or tour of other places, let the

 

pujas performed by us in the temple be

 

performed by the principal Vaidika, who

 

shall be honoured by presenting Tambul,

 

Dakshina etc, which are due to us. This

 

was ordered by the earlier Swamiji and

 

let it be continued. Let the people follow

 

the injunctions of Ten Granthas –

 

Smritimuktavali, Smriti Kausthubha,

 

Vijnaneshwari, Smriti Chandrika,

 

Nirnaya Sindhu, Parashara Smriti,

 

Karma Siddhanta, Prayoga Darpana,

 

Hemadri Prayashchitta and Kaladarsha.

 

As ordained by the earlier Swamiji, the

 

right to perform the pujas in the temple

 

shall rest with the principal Acharya

 

among the Vaidikas and his heirs. If

 

there are any faults the trustees and

 

officers should consult the Vaidikas and

 

set it right and also perform

 

Prayashchitta. We proclaim that if the

 

Acharya is at fault, he shall be

 

appropriately punished by the officers.

 

When we camp at Cochin, the expenses

 

incurred on account of the pujas of Shri

 

Vyasa-Raghupati (Shree Samsthan

 

Deities) shall be borne from the funds of

 

the temple. If there are any orphans in

 

Goud Saraswath Brahmin community,

 

the temple shall take possession of their

 

funds, if any, and their thread

 

ceremony, marriage and the funeral

 

rites shall be the responsibility of the

 

temple.

 

“The right of trusteeship of the temple

 

shall be hereditary. If there are any

 

difference of opinion among the

 

committee members (officers and

 

Grihasthas), we proclaim that these shall

 

be resolved at a meeting of the

 

responsible members of the whole

 

community and the temple work shall

 

not suffer. The balance amount from the

 

temple income remaining after

 

defraying the legitimate expenses of the

 

temple shall remain (after the

 

accountant prepares the annual

 

accounts) with the chief trustee. Vaidikas

 

and officers and others shall perform all

 

the duties of Shree Samsthan prescribed

 

by us. The right of Karmanga (puja etc.)

 

shall rest with the Vaidikas. Income and

 

expenditure, temple management etc.

 

shall be looked after by the officers who

 

shall punish those who err in the affairs

 

of Shree Samsthan. Thus these two

 

groups shall look after the Samsthan

 

affairs. If there is any difference of

 

opinion among these two groups, it has

 

to be resolved at a meeting of the

 

responsible members of the whole

 

community. At such a meeting, a Shenvi,

 

appointed by the community shall

 

convince all concerned people. If a

 

dispute arises in the community itself, a

 

Swamiji of our Math Samsthan shall be

 

consulted and his decision shall be final

 

and binding”.

 

After sometime, He left for the North. He

 

circumambulated the Vindhya

 

Mountains and then reached Kashi. He

 

expanded the Moola Math at Kashi. He

 

practiced the religious duty of Sanyas

 

with faith. He propagated the philosophy

 

of Madhwa.

 

As soon as He heard of the Samadhi of His Guru

 

Sri Keshavendra Thirtha, Upendra Thirtha (living

 

in Kashi), who was the older Shishya of Sri

 

Keshavendra Thirtha, arrived in Basrur. He sat in

 

great sorrow near the Vrindavan of His master,

 

and meditated with the resolve. Yadavendra II

 

(the younger Shishya of Sri Keshavendra Thirtha)

 

requested Sri Upendra Thirtha to initiate a

 

Shishya as He wanted to spend His time in a

 

secluded place free from earthly bondage.

 

Subsequently, Upendra Thirtha left for Kashi.

 

There he initiated his (former) brother’s son into

 

sanyasa, renamed him as Shrimath Raghavendra

 

Thirtha and accepted him as his Patta-Shishya.

 

Their inter relationships are shown in Fig. 5.

 

Fig. 5 : Inter-relationship between some

 

Swamijis of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan.

 

There, Sri UPENDRA THIRTHA handed

 

over all the Movable and Immovable

 

properties of the Math to Sri

 

Raghavendra Thirtha and lived in Kashi

 

all alone. He lived life without any

 

attachments. He only thought of Lord

 

Vyasa and Raghupati. He did only

 

mental worship. He always meditated on

 

the banks of the River Ganga, unaware

 

of his own self. He was in a state of not

 

knowing anything about the outside

 

world.

 

It was on Kartika Shuddha Shashti of

 

Ananda Samvatsara, Sh. Sh. 1596

 

(corresponding to Saturday, 24th

 

October 1674) that Shrimath Upendra

 

Thirtha Swamiji attained Maha Samadhi

 

in Kashi. According to a custom,

 

followed in Shree Kashi Math Samsthan,

 

whenever a Swamiji passed away in

 

Kashi, the mortal remains of the Swamiji

 

would then be placed in a box made of

 

rock slabs and lowered into the holy

 

river Ganga, who was born of Lord

 

Vishnu’s toe. Only an idol of Hanuman

 

will be consecrated, in the name of the

 

Guru who has attained Mukti, and

 

formal structure of a Vrindavan will be

 

built for Puja Purposes.HH Shrimath Upendra (I)

 

Thirtha Swamiji

 

H.H SHRIMATH UPENDRA(I) THIRTHA SWAMIJI

 

At the passing away of H.H Shrimath

 

Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji, H.H

 

Shrimath Upendra Thirtha Swamiji

 

became the third Mathadhipathi of Shree

 

Kashi Math Samsthan. Widely travelled

 

from Kashi to Cochin, at a time when

 

travelling facilities were not as fast or

 

convenient as now, the Swamiji had

 

purchased some land on 25th May, 1622

 

in Kashi to enlarge the Moola Math

 

premises.

 

A copy of the sale deed (Document No.4)

 

(Kannada translation of the Persian

 

original) translated into English is given

 

below:

 

(Kazi Nematulla and Sheikh Maruf Mufti)

 

dated 25th Rajab 1031 A.H. (Sunday 25th

 

May, 1622).

 

This day an honourable gentleman

 

named Jagadisha Rawat, son of

 

Vishwanatha Rawat, son of Narayana

 

Rawat in the administrative town of

 

Banaras being present makes it known

 

that a house with a hall having a wooden

 

ceiling in the west and a similar one in

 

the north, with a courtyard, whose

 

length is 17 1 /2 yards (east west) and

 

whose breadth is 11 yards (north-south)

 

is situated in the Durga Ghat within the

 

Banaras town, and bounded by four –

 

East – adjoining the building bought by

 

Upendra Thirtha, son of Soir Bhat, son of

 

Marthu Bhat.

 

West – adjoining a road.

 

North – adjoining the residence of the

 

said Upendra Thirtha.

 

South – by the side of the Durga Ghat .

 

With all the rights and appurtenences,

 

which was in the ownership and

 

possession of my father, Vishwanatha

 

Rawat. After his death, all these rights

 

and the said property have been

 

inherited by me, his only son. Therefore

 

till today I am the sole owner of the said

 

property. The sale price of the said

 

property has been fixed as Rs.145

 

(Rupees one hundred forty five only) by

 

Sineek Mistry. Now I have sold the said

 

property by sale truly, validly,

 

appropriately, free from ambiguous

 

meanings without deceitful desire,

 

without conceit and without force and

 

without unwillingness to Upendra

 

Thirtha, the owner of the plots adjoining

 

in the east and in the north for the said

 

price, as approved of by the said Mistry.

 

The two parties (the buyer and the seller)

 

have exchanged the said amount and the

 

said property. The responsibility of any

 

loss which might be incurred with

 

respect to this sale shall rest with the

 

seller. These proceedings took place in

 

the presence of trustworthy householders

 

on the said date.

 

Fig. 3 Plot purchased by Upendra Thirtha

 

from Jagadish Rawal in Banaras

 

(Document No.4)

 

Another document (No. (dated Sunday

 

20th November, 1625) regarding the

 

purchase of another plot from the same

 

Jagadisha Rawat by Shrimath Upendra

 

Thirtha, states as follows:

 

Sale Deed dated 29th Safar, 1035 A.H.

 

with the seals of Kazi Sadulla and Mufti

 

Sheikh Maroof.

 

The plot is shown in Fig. 3.

 

A respectable person, known by the

 

name of Jagadisha Rawat, son of

 

Vishwanatha Rawat, son of Narayana

 

Rawat in the administrative town of

 

Banaras being present makes it known

 

that a house with a hall with a wooden

 

ceiling facing the east and a courtyard

 

whose width is 13 yards (Ilahi Yards··

 

Ziras) and length 30 yards and a second

 

portion with length 18 1 /2 yards and

 

breadth 11 1 /2 yards situated in the

 

Brahma Ghat within the said town and

 

bounded on the four sides as under :

 

East – the bank of the river Ganga. West

 

– adjoining channel.

 

North – adjoining the residence of one

 

Smt. Shanvai and the Paya Ghat.

 

South – by the side of the famous Durga

 

Ghat.

 

With all the rights and appurtenences

 

and with all the small and greatest which

 

is in it, or form it, which is in my

 

ownership and possession. No one has

 

any right to the said property. The sale

 

price of this property has been fixed by

 

Seni Mistry as Rs.525 (Five hundred and

 

twenty five rupees) half of which is

 

Rs.262 1 /2 In the hands of Upendra

 

Thirtha, son of Soir Bhat, son of Marthu

 

Bhat, a southern Konkani, I have sold by

 

sale truly, validly, appropriately,

 

completely, free from ambiguous

 

meanings, without deceitful desire,

 

without conceit and without force and

 

without unwillingness and the said

 

buyer to the within seller for the said

 

price. The two parties (the buyer and the

 

seller) have exchanged the said amount

 

and the said property. The responsibility

 

of any loss which might be incurred with

 

respect to this sale shall rest with the

 

seller. These proceedings took place in

 

the presence of trustworthy people on

 

the said date.

 

According to a third document (No. 23),

 

the same Jagadisha Rawat sold another

 

plot (Krishna Chowk) in Banaras for

 

Rs.150 to Shrimath Upendra Thirtha.

 

This plot is shown in Fig. 4.

 

Shri Jagadisha Rawat had inherited this

 

plot from his father Vishwanatha Rawat.

 

Thus Shrimath Upendra Thirtha

 

purchased three plots of land from Shri

 

Jagadisha Rawat between 1622 and 1625.

 

Earlier, Shrimath Sudhindra Thirtha

 

Swamiji (Shishya- Swami of Shrimath

 

Vijayendra Thirtha) of Kumbhakonam

 

Math Samsthan had installed the idol of

 

Lord Venkatesha in Cochin Tirumala

 

Devaswom. on Chaitra Shuddha

 

Poornima of Vikari Samvatsara, Sh. Sh,

 

1521 (Friday, 30-3-1599). The Pratishta

 

shloka is as follows:

 

शाकेक्ष्मा नयनेषु भुपरिमिते वर्षे विकार्याव्हये |

 

चैत्रे चित्रभे संयुते शुभदिने राकातिथौ वासरे ||

 

शुऋे श्री विजयेन्द्रतीर्थे यतिनच्छात्रै सुधीन्द्रवंरै |

 

श्रीमद्वेंकट नायको विजयते गोश्रीपुरे स्थापिता

 

||

 

Shakshema Nayaneshtu Bhuparimite

 

Varsha Vikaaryavyahye |

 

Chaitrai Chitrabhe Samyute Shubha Dine

 

Rakatithou Vaasare ||

 

Shukre Shri Vijayendratirthe

 

Yatinachaathrai Sudhindra Varai |

 

Shrimadvenkata Naayako Vijayathe

 

Gosripure Sthapitha ||

 

After installing the idol, the Swamiji had

 

obtained a letter of authority from his

 

Guru, prescribing the manner in which

 

daily pujas have to be conducted in the

 

temple. A summary of this letter is as

 

follows:-

 

“Rich Goud Saraswath Brahmins of Goa

 

had migrated to Cochin (Gosripuram).

 

These were called Mahajans. You (these

 

Brahmanas) have founded Shri

 

Venkatesha Temple in Cochin. This is a

 

sacred place. In order to protect

 

Swadharma, a committee of 46 people

 

(22 Grihasthas and 24 Vaidikas) was

 

appointed. Also, another committee of 18

 

members (two trustees – Mhala Pai and

 

Prabhu, eight officers and eight

 

Grihasthas) was appointed to look after

 

the daily management of the temple. The

 

Vaidikas should follow Smriti Muktavali,

 

a Vaishnava grantha, given by Shrimath

 

Vijayendra Thirtha for performing the

 

daily pujas in the temple according to

 

Vaishnava code. The trustees and other

 

members of the committee should ensure

 

that these rules are observed faithfully”.

 

Later Shrimath Upendra Thirtha Swamiji

 

visited Cochin. Every day he taught the

 

scriptures and gave religious discourses.

 

The people were blessed with

 

Mantropadesha and Mudra Dharana. It

 

appeared that there were certain

 

difficulties in observing all the rules

 

prescribed by Shrimath Sudhindra

 

Thirtha Swamiji of Kumbakonam Math.

 

The people pleaded, “We do not know

 

anything; since we have little knowledge

 

we commit errors while worshipping

 

Lord Venkatapati, please guide us”. At

 

the request of the Cochin Goud

 

Saraswath Brahmins, Shrimath Upendra

 

Thirtha Swamiji made certain changes in

 

these methods of puja in the temple by

 

teaching them Agama Shastra and a letter

 

of authority (Ajna Rayas) dated Jeshta

 

Shuddha Dvadashi of Jaya Samvatsara,

 

Sh. Sh. 1576 (corresponding to

 

Wednesday, 17th May 1654). The letter

 

is summarised below:

 

“Let Goud Saraswath Brahmins of Cochin

 

be considered as Mahajanas. As decided

 

by the previous Swamiji (Shrimath

 

Sudhindra Thirtha of Kumbhakonam

 

Matha) the Mahajanas comprise

 

Vaidikas, officers and the rest. These

 

three groups contributed their mite in

 

founding the Venkatesha temple as well

 

as for conducting pujas five times a day

 

and Utsavas. The Vaidikas have to

 

perform the pujas according to

 

Pancharatragama. Let the people

 

perform Jati Dharma, Ashrama Dharma,

 

Havya Kavya Karma etc. according to

 

this Grantha. When we are away on

 

pilgrimage or tour of other places, let the

 

pujas performed by us in the temple be

 

performed by the principal Vaidika, who

 

shall be honoured by presenting Tambul,

 

Dakshina etc, which are due to us. This

 

was ordered by the earlier Swamiji and

 

let it be continued. Let the people follow

 

the injunctions of Ten Granthas –

 

Smritimuktavali, Smriti Kausthubha,

 

Vijnaneshwari, Smriti Chandrika,

 

Nirnaya Sindhu, Parashara Smriti,

 

Karma Siddhanta, Prayoga Darpana,

 

Hemadri Prayashchitta and Kaladarsha.

 

As ordained by the earlier Swamiji, the

 

right to perform the pujas in the temple

 

shall rest with the principal Acharya

 

among the Vaidikas and his heirs. If

 

there are any faults the trustees and

 

officers should consult the Vaidikas and

 

set it right and also perform

 

Prayashchitta. We proclaim that if the

 

Acharya is at fault, he shall be

 

appropriately punished by the officers.

 

When we camp at Cochin, the expenses

 

incurred on account of the pujas of Shri

 

Vyasa-Raghupati (Shree Samsthan

 

Deities) shall be borne from the funds of

 

the temple. If there are any orphans in

 

Goud Saraswath Brahmin community,

 

the temple shall take possession of their

 

funds, if any, and their thread

 

ceremony, marriage and the funeral

 

rites shall be the responsibility of the

 

temple.

 

“The right of trusteeship of the temple

 

shall be hereditary. If there are any

 

difference of opinion among the

 

committee members (officers and

 

Grihasthas), we proclaim that these shall

 

be resolved at a meeting of the

 

responsible members of the whole

 

community and the temple work shall

 

not suffer. The balance amount from the

 

temple income remaining after

 

defraying the legitimate expenses of the

 

temple shall remain (after the

 

accountant prepares the annual

 

accounts) with the chief trustee. Vaidikas

 

and officers and others shall perform all

 

the duties of Shree Samsthan prescribed

 

by us. The right of Karmanga (puja etc.)

 

shall rest with the Vaidikas. Income and

 

expenditure, temple management etc.

 

shall be looked after by the officers who

 

shall punish those who err in the affairs

 

of Shree Samsthan. Thus these two

 

groups shall look after the Samsthan

 

affairs. If there is any difference of

 

opinion among these two groups, it has

 

to be resolved at a meeting of the

 

responsible members of the whole

 

community. At such a meeting, a Shenvi,

 

appointed by the community shall

 

convince all concerned people. If a

 

dispute arises in the community itself, a

 

Swamiji of our Math Samsthan shall be

 

consulted and his decision shall be final

 

and binding”.

 

After sometime, He left for the North. He

 

circumambulated the Vindhya

 

Mountains and then reached Kashi. He

 

expanded the Moola Math at Kashi. He

 

practiced the religious duty of Sanyas

 

with faith. He propagated the philosophy

 

of Madhwa.

 

As soon as He heard of the Samadhi of His Guru

 

Sri Keshavendra Thirtha, Upendra Thirtha (living

 

in Kashi), who was the older Shishya of Sri

 

Keshavendra Thirtha, arrived in Basrur. He sat in

 

great sorrow near the Vrindavan of His master,

 

and meditated with the resolve. Yadavendra II

 

(the younger Shishya of Sri Keshavendra Thirtha)

 

requested Sri Upendra Thirtha to initiate a

 

Shishya as He wanted to spend His time in a

 

secluded place free from earthly bondage.

 

Subsequently, Upendra Thirtha left for Kashi.

There he initiated his (former) brother’s son into

 

 

 

 

 

sanyasa, renamed him as Shrimath Raghavendra

 

Thirtha and accepted him as his Patta-Shishya.

 

Their inter relationships are shown in Fig. 5.

 
22233333

Fig. 5 : Inter-relationship between some

 

 

 

 

 

Swamijis of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan.

 

There, Sri UPENDRA THIRTHA handed

 

over all the Movable and Immovable

 

properties of the Math to Sri

 

Raghavendra Thirtha and lived in Kashi

 

all alone. He lived life without any

 

attachments. He only thought of Lord

 

Vyasa and Raghupati. He did only

 

mental worship. He always meditated on

 

the banks of the River Ganga, unaware

 

of his own self. He was in a state of not

 

knowing anything about the outside

 

world.

 

It was on Kartika Shuddha Shashti of

 

Ananda Samvatsara, Sh. Sh. 1596

 

(corresponding to Saturday, 24th

 

October 1674) that Shrimath Upendra

 

Thirtha Swamiji attained Maha Samadhi

 

in Kashi. According to a custom,

 

followed in Shree Kashi Math Samsthan,

 

whenever a Swamiji passed away in

 

Kashi, the mortal remains of the Swamiji

 

would then be placed in a box made of

 

rock slabs and lowered into the holy

 

river Ganga, who was born of Lord

 

Vishnu’s toe. Only an idol of Hanuman

 

will be consecrated, in the name of the

 

Guru who has attained Mukti, and

 

formal structure of a Vrindavan will be

 

built for Puja Purposes.