Shrimath Rajendra Thirtha became the eleventh

Head of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan after

Shrimath Upendra Thirtha II passed away in 1791

in Vanarasi. He was a great scholar in Vedanta

and an erudite Scholar in Sanskrit. It was during

his tenure as the Mathadhipathi of Shree Kashi

Math Samsthan that the Math Bhavan was built

in Prayag (Allahabad) at Triveni Sangam. He

bought some more land in this sacred city for the

Math expansion.

The relevant sale deed (Document No. 16) is

dated 8th Rabiul-ul-assani 1200 A.H.

corresponding to Wednesday, 8th Feb, 1786 and

was registered in the Allahabad Court of Kazi

Mohammad. Unlike other documents, which

mention the names of the father and grandfather

of Swamijis, this document states the pontifical

lineage : Rajendra Thirtha, Shishya of Upendra

Thirtha, Shishya of Madhavendra Thirtha. [This

sequence is of importance to decide certain

issues of the pontifical lineage of Shree Kashi

Math Samsthan. According to Shri H.

Laxminarayan Kamath, Shrimath Upendra Thirtha

II was the shishya of Shrimath Yadavendra

Thirtha III. However, Shrimath Yadavendra

Thirtha III had predeceased Shrimath

Madhavendra Thirtha, his Guru and it is unlikely

that a Shishya-Swami took another Shishya,

when his Guru was still alive. Now that Document

No. 16 gives unambiguously the pontifical

lineage, Shrimath Upendra Thirtha has therefore

to be considered as the Shishya of Shrimath

Madhavendra Thirtha and not Shrimath

Yadavendra (III) Thirtha].

The document concerns a plot of land with a

structure in Daraganj owned by one Fazal Ali

Khan, son of Mohammad Salha Khan, son of

Nawab Sale Khan of Allahabad. This was

surrounded on the four sides as shown in Fig. 11.

The said plot with the structures thereon was

sold to Rajendra Thirtha for Rs.175 (the Half of

which is Rs. 87-8-0). The amount and the

relevant records were exchanged by the buyer

and the seller in the presence of respectable

people in the court.

1 (8)

Fig 11. Plot bought by Shrimath Rajendra Thirtha

from Fazal Ali Khan in Prayag (Document No. 16)

Document No. 14 is the official receipt for the

above amount and states as follows:


Fazal Ali Khan

I, Fazal Ali Khan, son of Mohammad Salha Khan,

son of Nawab Sale Khan of the administrative

town of Allahabad solemnly declare that I have

received Rs.175. half of which is Rs. 87-8-0,

from Rajendra Thirtha, a sanyasi of Banaras, the

full amount being the sale price of my plot with

structures thereon situated in Badkhan in

Daraganj Taluk of Allahabad. I have no further

claims from the said Rajendra Thirtha regarding

this sale. I am giving this as the official receipt,

which may be used at any time. Dated 8th

Rabiulassani 1200 (8th February 1786). Witness

Sd/- (Kohari Panda) Sd/- (Fazal Ali Khan)

Document No.1 issued under the seals of Pir

Mohammad Gulam Mohammad, Kotwal of

Daraganj (alias Kushalganj). Mir Imam Ali Husani

Bukhari and Khan Ramzan Ali on 7th Rabilussani

1200 A.H. (corresponding to Tuesday, 7th

February 1786). This is a mortgage deed in which

one Karimunnisa, daughter of …. Baig (the name

is illegible) and wife of Mohammadi Baig, a

servant in the house of Nawab ….. (name is

illegible) mortgaged a property owned by her

(described in Fig. 12) to Konkan sanyasi Rajendra

Thirtha, shishya of Upendra Thirtha (II), shishya

of Madhavendra Thirtha for Rs.50.

2 (4)


Fig. 12. Plot mortgaged by Mrs. Karimunnisa in

Prayag (Document No.1)

There was a structure with two rooms with roofs

covered with straw (see Fig. No.12). She further

stated that Rajendra Thirtha may, if he so

desired, demolish the structure and reconstruct

another building with or without a tiled roof, and

that if she wished to take possession of the

mortgaged land in the future, she would have to

defray all the expenses incurred in connection

with the construction of the new building along

with the mortgage amount of RS.50 in order to

take possession of the said property. She had

signed the document in Persian Language;

witness also signed.

Sri Rajendra Thirtha, was well learned and

famous in oceanography. He lived in the Lakshmi

Narasimha Temple in Tharavoor (Kerala). He

selected two young students and commanded

them to elaborately propagate the exact truth of

spiritual knowledge concerning Bramha. He

initiated two vatus into sanyasa and named them

Shrimath Surendra Thirtha (the elder shishya) and

Shrimath Vishnu Thirtha (the younger shishya).

Shrimath Rajendra Thirtha passed away on

Vaishaka Bahula Ekadashi of Siddharthi

Samvatsar, Sh. Sh. 1721 (Thursday, 30th May

1799) in Tharavoor (Kerala). His Vrindavan is in

Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Tharavoor.