H.H Shrimath Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji (the

second Mathadhipathi of Shree Kashi Math

Samsthan) had initiated another vatu into

sanyasa and had named him SHRIMATH

YADAVENDRA THIRTHA, the same name as his

Guru’s. Thus he may be known as Yadavendra

(II) Thirtha.

Sri Yadavendra (II ) Thirtha stayed in Basrur Shri

Kashi Math, always worshipping the holy feet of

His Guru Sri Keshavendra and attending to His

needs. He was an expert in serving His Guru till

His Guru’s Samadhi in 1670 at Basrur.

Firstly, document No. 6 us dated 4 Ramzan 1081

A.H. Thursday, 5th January, 1671. This is

summarized below:


Utaf Ali Kazi

In the court of Kazi Sayyad Inayatulla. Under the

court seal of Khaja Najir dost Mohammed Shaikh

Ajajulla. Issue on 4th Ramazan 1081 A.H,

(Thursday, 5th January, 1671).

“This day a respectable man named Hanumanta

Bhat (Yadavendra, after becoming a sanyasi), son

of Taman Bhat, son of Narayana Bhat, declared in

the administrative office of Mohammadabad alias


This refers to a building constructed on a plot

measuring 17yd x 15yd and surrounded on the

four sides as shown in Fig6. The plot and the

structures (the location is the same as that

described in document no. 9) where in the

possession of Keshava Thirtha (alias Rama Bhat),

son of Narayana Bhat. While he was alive (he

passed away in 1670), Keshava Thirtha had

donated the whole plot along with the structures

thereon to Yadavendra (alias Hanumanta), who

was in the possession of the plot, the structures

as well as the relevant document (Document no.

9 described earlier is the donation deed referred

to here), which was then produced before the

Kazis, who read it and confirmed the contents



Fig. 6: Plot donated by Yadavendra (II) Thirtha to

Narayana Bhat (Raghavendra Thirtha) in Banaras

(Document No. 6)

Yadavendra (II) Thirtha then went on declaring

that he was on that day (5th January, 1671)

donating the plot with the structures thereon to

his brother’s son Narayana Bhat (later

Raghavendra Thirtha).

Narayana Bhat accepted this donation in the

presence of the Kazis and took possession of the

relevant documents. The document goes on to

describe Yadavendra (II) Thirtha as having a

wheat complexion. This tall person with wide

brows and wide eyes had a scar on the forehead

and black moustaches and beard. His age (in

1671) was 42 years (giving the year of his birth

as 1629)

Document Nos. 3 and 15 relate to the purchase

of a plot by Yadavendra (II) Thirtha in Banaras on

Thursday 26th March 1674 (28th Jilhaz, 1084

A.H.) from one Shri Raghunatha Bhat. The plot

with certain structures with various halls, some

with wooden ceilings, was surrounded on the four

sides·as shown in Fig. 7. This was in the

possession of one Shri Ramesh Bhat, after whose

death it was passed on to his three sons, one of

them being Bishan Bhat. On passing away of

Bishan Bhat, his share of the property was

automatically transferred to his son Raghunatha

Bhat. The rest of the plot, owned by his two

uncles, was also transferred to him by the uncles

in exchange nor another structure. One of them

died and his wife inherited it (the other structure)

. The said plot and the structure thereon (shown

in Fig. 7) was in the absolute possession of

Raghunatha Bhat. After thus establishing his

ownership and title to the said plot and structure,

Raghunatha Bhat sold them to Yadavendra (II)

Thirtha for Rs.200/-


Fig. 7 : Plot of land bought by Yadavendra (II)

from Raghunatha Bhat

Another document (No. J 7) gives the inter-

relations of some Swamijis of Shree Kashi Math

Samsthan as shown in Fig. 8.


Fig. 8 : Inter-relationship between some Swamiji

of the Kashi Matha Samsthan (Document No. 17)

This is dated 4th Zilkaz, 1126 A.H. (Sunday 31st

October, 1714) three years after passing away of

Shrimath Yadavendra Thirtha II. His brother’s

(Venkat Bhat’s) three sons, Vittala, Narayana

(who had already become Devendra Thirtha by

then) and Rama claimed that they were the

successors of Yadavendra (II) Thirtha in the court

of Mohammadabad alias Banaras. Two witnesses

of the Brahma Ghat, Banaras (one Madhava Bhat,

son of Bhima Bhat, son of Rama Bhat and

another Rama Bhat, son of Narayana Bhat, son of

Bhima Bhat, both being Maratha Brahmanas) are

mentioned in the document.

Document No. 28 deals with the donation of the

plot purchased by Yadavendra Thirtha II in 1674

and covered in Document Nos. 3 and 15 after his

death to his nephew Bishan Bhat (son of Rama

Bhat) by his brothers and is dated 27th Safar,

1127 A.H. corresponding to Monday 21st Feb.,

1715. This was filed by Hanumanta Bhat’s

(Yadavendra Thirtha II’s) nephews (Vittala Bhat,

Narayana Bhat alias Devendra Thirtha and Rama

Bhat, sons of Venkata Bhat) in the Banaras court

(Jafar Mohammad Kasim).

After describing the plot and the structures

thereon (almost the same as those described in

Document No.3) the nephews declared that their

uncle (Yadavendra Thirtha II) had passed away

and that they had jointly inherited his said

property and produced the relevant records in the

Court. They further declared that they were jointly

donating the entire property to Bishan Bhat, son

of Rama Bhat (one of the donors). Subsequently,

Bishan Bhat took possession of the relevant

records and admitted in the court that he did so.

The donors pledged that they would not raise any

objections in the future regarding this donation.

Shrimath Yadavendra (II) Thirtha , the fourth in

the Guru Parampara of Shree Kashi Math

Samsthan did not initiate anyone into sanyas. In

the later years of his life, he visited the Karnataka

region and camped in Hemmady, where he

attained Maha Samadhi on Bhadrapada Shuddha

Purnima of Khara Samvatsara, Sh. Sh. 1633,

corresponding to Saturday, 15th September 1711

A.D. He had lived to a ripe old age of 82 years.

His Vrindavana is in Hemmady near the river