H.H SHRIMATH SUDHINDRA THIRTHA SWAMIJI

20

Present Mathadhipati Of Sri Kashi Math

Samsthan, Varanasi

|| श्रीमत् परमहंस परिव्राजकाचार्य कुलतिलक यम

नियमाध्यष्ठांग योग संपन्न

पद वाक्य प्रमाण पारावार पारंगत सर्वतंत्र स्वतंत्र

श्रीमद्वैष्णव सिद्धांत प्रतिष्ठापनाचार्य

श्रीमद्व्यास रघुपति देव दिव्य श्रीपाद पद्मारधक

श्रीमत् वरदेंद्र तीर्थ श्रीपाद

करकमल संजात श्रीमत् सुक्रतींद्र तीर्थ श्रीपाद

वर कुमारक श्रीमत् सुधींद्र तीर्थ श्रीपादैः जयते ||

Shrimath Sudhindra Thirtha Swamiji, the present

Mathadhipati of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan, is

the twentieth Swamiji in the Guru Parampara. In

the Poorvashram (before being initiated into

sanyasa by the previous Swamiji), he was known

as Shri Sadashiva Shenoy, son of Shri Ramadas

Shenoy, a trustee of Shri Venkataramana Temple

in Ernakulam. He was born at Ernakulam on 31st

March, 1926. He completed his Pre-University

education in Maharaja’s College, Ernakulam and

selected Natural Science, Physics and Chemistry

as his main subjects. From an early age he had

shown inclination towards a religious life. The

noble traits of his character, his devotion to God,

his desire to serve his fellow men, his honesty,

his integrity and his love for Hindu Dharma were

remarkable. When Shrimath Sukrateendra Thirtha

Swamiji was camping at Ernakulam, this young

boy attracted his attention. The Swamiji had the

intuition to choose the right man and was

divinely inspired to select this boy to be his fittest

successor, later to head Shree Kashi Math

Samsthan. The father’s consent was obtained for

the transformation of the college student into a

Sanyasi, eventually to lead a sizeable portion of

Vaishnava Goud Saraswath Brahmin community

in the righteous path of Vaishnava Dharma.

The Guru-Swami took him to Mulki and on

Wednesday, 24th May 1944 (Karka Lagna, Jeshta

Shuddha Dviteeya of Tarana Samvatsara,

Shalivahana Shaka 1866) initiated him into

Sanyas in the divine presence of Lord Sri

Venkataramana, Sri Ugra Narasimha and Sri

Bindu Madhava in Mulki (KA IN) and renamed

him as SHRIMATH SUDHINDRA THIRTHA, who

then severed the family connections and took to

his new duties earnestly and enthusiastically and

led an austere life. He felt the need of equipping

himself with all the knowledge of the Dharma

Shastras. He mastered Sanskrit at the

Bhuvanendra Sanskrit College, Karkala. The

scholarly teachers of the college were appointed

to impart the necessary education in Dharma

Shastras. He was camping in Shrinivasa Ashrama

in the College premises. In those days he was

very fond of animals. There were many pets

including a deer and a tiger cub in Shrinivasa

Ashrama.

suuuu

After taking the vow of celibacy in 1944 and

preserving it since then, the Swamiji strives day in

and day out for the welfare and uplift of the

community as a whole. Endowed with excellent

grasping power, wonderful memory and

extraordinary intelligence and plenty of God’s

grace and Guru’s blessings, he completed his

study in a short time. The Brahma Sutra, The

Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishads (Prasthana

Traya) and other works were studied in great

detail. He became a great scholar in Dwaita

philosophy, as propounded by Shri

Madhvacharya. He learnt the methods of

worshipping God according to Agama Shastra. He

travelled with the Guru to various places and

picked up his duties well. He sat at the feet of the

Guru and learnt the traditions of Shree Kashi

Math.

His Holiness had taken charge of the Samsthan

in 1949 after the Mukti of his Guru Shrimath

Sukrathindra Thirtha Swamiji in Kochi. He bore

the loss of his Guru with courage and took over

the reigns of the spiritual chariot of the followers

of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan in his able hands

and has been leading the chariot since then.

He traveled widely from Kanya Kumari to

Badrinath, meeting his disciples, exhorting them

to lead a life of morality and religion, conducting

the pujas to Shri Vyasa-Raghupati with

unbounded devotion and single-pointed

concentration and praying at all times for the

welfare of the community. Kindness, compassion,

generosity and breadth of vision are the strong

traits of his way of work. He visited many places

of pilgrimage including Nashik, Ujjain,

Kurukshetra, Mathura, Ayodhya, Prayag, Kashi,

Haridwar, Rishikesh, Badri, Tirupati, Srirangam,

Madurai, Palani, Kumbhakonam, Rameshwaram

and Kanya Kumari.

Shrimath Sudhindra Thirtha Swamiji, like his

predecessor Swamijis, performed many

installation and re-installation ceremonies in

various temples. Thus he performed the third

renovation/ reinstallation ceremony of Shri

Venkataramana Temple, Kundapura on Vaishakha

Shuddha Trayodashi of Vikari Samvatsara, Sh.

Sh. 1881 (Wednesday, 20-5-1959). The

reinstallation ceremony at Shri Lakshmi

Venkatesha Temple at Hosdurg was performed by

him on Chaitra Shuddha Navami, Sharvari

Samvatsara, Sh. Sh. 1882 (Monday, 4th April,

1960). The installation of idol of Shri

Venkataramana in Balaji Mandir, Kurla, Mumbai

was performed by him on Tuesday, 20th March,

1973. Among the temples renovated and the idols

reinstalled by the Swamiji are :

Shri Venkataramana Temple, Kasaragod, Shri

Varadaraja Venkataramana Temple, Gurupura,

Shri Venkataramana Temple, Mangalore, Sri

Krishna Mandir, Mangalore etc. In addition, he

installed various idols at different temples, such

as Shri Venkataramana and Mahalasa Temples at

Konchady Shri Kashi Math, Shri Muralidhara

Krishna at Kota, Shri Narasimha at Shri

Ramanjaneya Temple, Vile Parle (Mumbai), Shri

Narasimha at Shri Venkataramana Temple,

Uppinangadi and Shri Lakshmi Venkatesha

Temple at Mudabidri.

In order to mark the Golden Jubilee of the annual

Bhajana Saptaha at Shri Lakshmi Venkatesha

Temple, Kasaragod, it was decided to conduct a

Yajna by writing Shri Ramo fai Rama fai fai

Rama, 52 crore times. Special books were

prepared for the purpose and members of the

community residing in different parts of the

country contributed their share by writing the

divine name as many times as they could. The

Yajna was conducted in a grand manner under

the able direction of the Swamiji.

On another memorable occasion the Swamiji was

responsible for conducting a Utsava in which the

Lord of Tirupati was seated on golden Garuda.

The Swamiji also participated in the divine

procession, with the accompaniment of recitation

of Vedas, instrumental music, singing of Bhajans

etc.

The year 1963 was a red letter day not only in

the history of Karkala but also in the history of

Goud Saraswath Brahmin community. It was in

that year that the heads of the three Maths

Shrimath Dwarakanatha Thirtha Swamiji (Gokarna

Partagali Jeevottam Math), Shrimath Sudhindra

Thirtha Swamiji (Kashi Math) and Shrimath

Sachhidananda Sarasvati Swamiji (Kavale Math)

observed their annual Chaturmas Vrita in Shri

Venkataramana Temple, Karkala. Perhaps such an

event had never occurred in the history of these

Maths earlier.

Shrimath Sudhindra Thirtha Swamiji performed

the Sahasra Kumbhabhisheka in Shri

Venkataramana Temple, Karkala, in March 1969

and in Shri Lakshmi Venkatesh Temple, Udupi in

May 1971.

The Swamiji founded two Math Bhavans, one at

Bhagamandala on the banks of the river Kaveri

(in 1960) and another at Bandora in Goa (in

1972). Shri Bhuvanendra Balakashrama, Basrur

will long be remembered as a worthy monument.

Founded in 1965 under the auspices of Shree

Kashi Math, this institution is a bold venture,

where some of our boys are trained to lead an

ideal life. It started functioning by admitting

fifteen students to whom Dharmic education is

being imparted. Though the Math had decided to

bear all the expenses in connection with the

running of the institution many donors from the

community have come forward to defray part of

the expenses. An executive committee has been

formed under the overall guidance of the Swamiji

to look after the affairs of the institution.

One of the major achievements of the Swamiji is

the founding of Shri Kashi Math Welfare Fund in

Udupi. This concept was thought of in 1956,

when the Swamiji was camping in Shri Lakshmi

Venkatesha Temple, Udupi, for observing the

Chaturmas Vrita. With the noble idea of founding

an organization, which would try to banish the

social and economic ills afflicting the community,

a meeting of the leaders of the community

residing in South Kanara was convened in the

temple on 26th August 1956. Three years later a

draft constitution was approved by the

community members, blessed by the Swamiji and

the institution was registered on 6th June, 1959.

This provided for a Direction Committee,

consisting of twenty members (all nominated by

the Swamiji) to implement the various activities

outlined in the constitution. A few of the sixteen

objectives listed in the constitution are given

below :

1. To build up spiritual, religious, moral,

educational, physical, cultural, social and

economic life of the members of the

Samaj.

2. To help deserving students in prosecuting

their studies in Vedic religion or Shastras

or in Arts, Commerce, Science and

professional courses in school and

colleges by giving them loans or

scholarships, refundable with or without

interest.

3. To provide homes for the poor and

deserving children of the community,

giving them free boarding at suitable

centers.

4. To start, establish, construct, maintain or

take over maternity homes, orphanages,

relief centers etc. for helping and

rehabilitating the sick for the eradication of

beggary.

5. To publish and print booklets, books,

pamphlets, magazines and other works on

religious, social, economic or other

subjects useful to the community

members.

6. To renovate old temples of the community

and to build or construct and manage new

temples.

7. To give monetary help for the expenses of

the marriages of the girls and the

upanayanas of the boys of the absolutely

poor members of the community and for

cremation of the dead bodies and

obsequies of the absolutely poor members

of the community.

Among the various objectives adopted in the

constitution, educational benefits to the youths of

the community was chosen as the first field for

implementing as advised by the Swamiji. The

others would be taken up when the organization

is able to have large resources at its disposal.

Under this scheme, each member of a household

is expected to pay Rs.50 towards the

membership fee either in a lump sum or in

installments and execute a Nirdhara Patra (a sort

of an oath). The Swamiji felt that a spiritually

healthy, economically sound and educationally

advanced community could be surest guarantee

for the entire community.

The mode of contribution to the fund has been

slightly modified since April ] 967. According to

the modified scheme, annual subscription would

be collected from the members (classified as A,

Band C classes or ordinary members) besides

donors, life members and patrons.

The Swamiji was responsible for the setting up of

a publishing house, Bharatiya Samskritika

Prakatanalaya, Mumbai in 197] with a suitable

constitution with the aims and objects of

publishing books and leaflets on the Vedic and

Bharatiya culture and other allied activities. The

management of the Prakashanalaya is being

looked after by a committee of eleven members

(all nominated by the Swamiji). The capital

required for the publication of books is raised by

donations. One book Shri Hanumad Ramayana in

Kannada has been published in ]972.

Shrimath Sudhindra Thirtha Swamiji was given a

sanad by the Government of Mysore in 1953. A

copy of the same is reproduced below:

TRUE Copy

Court Stamp

Eight Annas

12-12-53 PROCEEDINGS OF THE GOVERNMENT

OF MYSORE Read:

G. O. No. 1336 – 7/Muz. 246-36-4 Dated 30th

March 1938 sanctioning the ordinary honors of

Pallakki, Nagari, Patakaru and Tala to the Sri

Swamigalu of Sri Kashi Math, Banaras.

G. O. No. 17-24/Muz. 1-38-88 dated 5th June

1939 sanctioning the honors of Swethachatri,

Ubhayasana and Talagalu to the Sri Swamigalu

of Kashi Math, Banaras.

Srimukhams dated 23rd December 1952 and 12th

March 1953 from Sri Swamigalu of Kashi Math,

Banaras, requesting that a Rahadari permitting

the Sri Swamigalu to use certain Royal, Special

and Ordinary Honors and First Day’s Bhiksha of

Rs. 50, when he visits Bangalore city, may be

granted.

Correspondence ending with letter No. M.I.M. 2.

625/52-53 dated 7-4-1953 from the Muzrai

Commissioner in Mysore, recommending sanction

to the grant of Royal and Special Honors and a

first day’s Bhiksha of Rs.50/- asked for by Sri

Swamigalu of Sri Kashi Math, Banaras.

ORDER NO. R. 13052-65/MUZ. 249-52-4 Dated

THE 10/1211-1953, BANGALORE

Sri Kashi Math, Banaras, is an ancient Math

having its branches in more than 13 important

places like Allahabad, Rameshwaram and

Travancore with a good number of disciples all

over India. In view of the reverence and high

esteem in which the Sri Swamigalu is held by the

Sarasvata Brahmana community all over India

and as the Math has already been granted certain

honors by this Government, sanction is accorded

to the grant of the following

Royal and Special Honors to the Sri Swamigalu of

the Math, in addition to those already enjoyed by

the Math, and a First Day’s Bhiksha of Rs.50/-

on the occasion of the visit of the Sri Swamigalu

to Bangalore. Royal Honors Special Honors

1 Hagalu Deevatige

5 Ubhaya Chamara

2 Makara Torana

6 Kavi Nishanigalu

3 Dhavala Shankha

4 Surepan

The Muzrai Commissioner is requested to issue

the necessary Rahadari to the Sri Swamigalu, a

copy of the same being sent to the Government

for reference and record.

Sd/-

(D,R. Chennarudrayya)

For Secretary to Government

Revenue Department

“COPY”

Sd/-

(D,R. Chennarudrayya)

For Secretary to Government

Revenue Department

(P.T.O.)

(Page 2)

Date of application 12-12-53

Number of words 368

Copying fees 0-8-0

Comparing fees 0-2-0

Copied by Sd/- (N. Narayana Shetty) 14-12-’53

Compared by Sd/ – (T. S. Ramachandran)

Copy read on 14-12-’53

Copy delivered on 14-12-’53

Necessary orders were issued (partly in Kannada

and partly in English) to all the Taluk Amaldars in

Mysore State by the Muzrai Commissioner in

accordance with Order No. R-13052-651 Muz.

249- 52-4 of 10/12-11-1953, mentioned in the

above Sanad. A free rendering of a copy of the

orders is as follows –

No. R. Dis. M.I M.2 625-52-53.

From

The Office of Muzrai Commissioner, Mysore

State .

For the information of the Amaldars of all Taluks

in the Mysore State .

Whereas, Shree Sudhindra Thirtha Swamiji,

bearing the titles such as Shrimath

Paramahamsa Parivrajakacharya etc. and the

head of Shri Kashi (Banaras) Math is traveling in

Mysore State with the intention of propagating

Dharma and to guide the Goud Saraswath

Brahmin community members on various religious

matters, whenever the said Swamiji crosses the

boundary and enters the area under your

jurisdiction, do not prevent him from doing so.

Arrangements should be made for supplying the

provisions required by the Swamiji and his

retinue, from whom the cost of the provisions

should be recovered and paid to the merchants

concerned. Further, the Swamiji and his retinue

should be provided with a safe place and

arrangements should be made to see that there is

no danger from thieves and bandits during the

nights. Due respect should be given to the

Swamiji and his retinue.

The following honors are sanctioned by the

Government of Mysore as per Order No.

13052-65-Muz. 249-52-4 dated 10th day of

November 1953.

Royal Honors Special Honors

1 Hagalu Deevatige

1 Ubhaya Chamara

2 Makara Torana

2 Kavi Nishanigalu

3 Dhavala Shankha

3 Shweta Chatri

4 Surepan

Ordinary Honors

1. Ordinary Pallakki

2. 8 Sepoys

3. Ubhayasana

4. Camels

5. Nagari

6. Pipers

7. Pathakaru

8. Veda Ghoshakas

9. Talagala

10. Motor Car 1

11. Elephants

12. Bus 1

13. Horses

N.B. The Arms and Weapons, viz. one revolver,

one pistol and two muzzle loading guns, one

sword shown in the Rahadari granted to the head

of (he Math in March 1941 (No. C 1894-38 39 of

the Muzrai Commissioner’s Office) have been

deleted, as per letter No. H. A. 3002-1 I-Pol.

63-53-4, dated 8th August 1953 of the Under

Secretary to the Government of Mysore, Home

Department, Bangalore. This Rahadari is issued

under the authority of :

1. G. O. No. 1336-37-Muz. 246-36-4, dated

30-3-1938

2. G. O. No. 17-28-Muz. 1-38-88, dated

5-6-1939.

3. G. O. No. R 13052 Muz. 249-52-4, dated

10-11-1953.

Bangalore Sd/-

Dated 15-1-1954 G. N. Nagaraja Ran

Muzrai Commissioner

WD 1596-GpB-200-31-1-54