Category Archives: Guru Parampara

H.H SHRIMATH YADAVENDRA (I) THIRTHA SWAMIJI

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H.H SHRIMATH YADAVENDRA (I) THIRTHA
SWAMIJI

 

Shrimath Yadavendra (I) Thirtha Swamiji was the

first Mathadhipathi of Shree Kashi Math

Samsthan. The initiation ceremony of Shrimath

Yadavendra Thirtha Swamiji took place on the

Banks of the Holy River Ganga in Kashi in 1541

A.D. by H.H Shrimath Vijayendra Thirtha Swamiji,

(Originally of Shree Kashi Math Pontiff who had

later on transferred to Kumbakonam/Mantralaya

Matha after Danda Parivartana).

Once when Sri Yadavendra Thirtha was absorbed

in meditation on the bank of the sacred river

Ganges, the princess of Kashi, arrived at the ghat

for a holy bath along with her companions. They

did salutations to Sri Yadavendra Thirtha, and the

left her bangles on the banks of Ganga, and

without any worry got down into the water. Sri

Yadavendra Thirtha continued to be totally

unaware of the outer physical world. In a flash

waves washed away the princess’ bangles. After

her bath, the princess realized her bangles were

missing and that the Yati was sitting in

tranquility. She summoned her soldiers who

implied that Sri Yadavendra Thirtha was the

culprit saying, “This Sanyasi is an impudent

person, take him to prison”. Sri Yadavendra

Thirtha replied, “I do not know anything, the

water of the Ganges must have taken the

bangles”. They challenged him, “If you are a great

man, you will be able to bring back the bangles

at once”. In response, Sri Yadavendra Thirtha

praised Goddess Ganga; Ganga then appeared

miraculously with the bangles on her hands. All

the witnesses surrendered to him and did

prostrations to his holy feet with devotion. On

hearing this, the king of Kashi was very pleased.

The king immediately went to Bramha Ghat

seeking the darshan of Sri Yadavendra Thirtha

and donated more land to Shree Kashi Math.

Sri Yadavendra Thirtha expanded the courtyard of

the Moola Math at Kashi. He installed the Idol of

Sri Raghupati Rama. The learned men of Kashi

said that Sri Yadavendra Thirtha was a great

Yati. He did penance, practiced meditation and

read the Vedas. He was the Royal Guru of Kashi

and a highly revered ascetic. He was pious,

devoted to the performance of religious rites, and

well versed in the Vedas and Shastras. He was

gentle, virtuous and compassionate. After staying

in Kashi for a while He thought about travelling to

the South, more so because of Vinanthi Patras

(requests) from disciples in the South. He

recalled the memories of time spent with His

Guru Sri Vijayendra Thirtha. In a vision He was

directed by Lord Raghupati and got a message

from Lord Vyasa. He visited the temples of Lord

Viswanatha and Bindu Madhava before he could

leave from Kashi. He invited the learned scholars

to tell them about the impending visit to the

South. He honoured them, offered them fruits and

Dakshina, and said, “You are the learned men of

Kashi and I always remember your love and

respect for me”. They were disconsolate about

their soon to be separation from Sri Yadavendra

Thirtha.

As per the tradition that our Guru’s perform

certain rituals prior to travel, Sri Yadavendra

Thirtha Swamiji first took the idols of Lord Sri

Vyasa Raghupati, chanting the name of Lord

Narayana. Then the disciples took the palanquin

and other items given and honoured by Sri

Surendra Thirtha of Kumbhakonam. Then he left

Kashi for the South with his disciples. On their

way they visited places of pilgrimage such as

Ayodhya, Mandatha (on the bank of the River

Narmada), Mahakala, Prabhasa and Daruka.

Accompanied by the idols they then reached

Konkan, where He beheld the beauty of

Gomanthak (Goa) created by Lord Parashuram

(one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu) and He

was elated. He recalled the sixtysix (Sashashti)

families brought by Parashuram to Goa from the

North; how at one time Goa was a flourishing

area supported by the great wealth of intellectual

Vaidiks, whereas now in contrast it was in a

distressed condition due to Kali Yuga as Muslims

and Christians had transformed Goa with their

religions.

Sri Yadavendra Thirtha remembered his

ancestors, His Parampara and His Guru Sri

Vijayendra Thirtha and did salutations to them.

They had a dip in the river Agha Nashini, visited

the temples of Kula Devata’s and the places of

the original sixtysix families of Gowd Saraswath

Brahmins. Then He and disciples went from Goa

to Cochin and then to Rajata Pita, Udupi.

All the Yatis of the Eight Mathas in Udupi

honoured Sri Yadavendra Thirtha. Sri Yadavendra

Thirtha had a holy bath in the “Madhwa Sarovar

”(Lake) before the Darshan of Lord Sri Krishna

and Hanuman. Sri Vadiraja Thirtha of Sonda Math

welcomed Him. While there, the Goud Saraswath

Brahmins from Bhatkal came to Udupi, held on to

the feet of Guru Sri Yadavendra Thirtha and

requested a visit to Bhatkal. Jog Mallya, a Goud

Saraswath Brahmin who was a Landlord in

Bhatkal wished to serve Guru Sri Yadavendra

Thirtha. Sri Yadavendra Thirtha with his disciples

thus left Udupi for Bhatkal. They decorated the

great door of the palace in Bhatkal and the people

were ready to welcome Him. The Vaidiks chanted

the Vedas and some played drums and musical

pipes. The sweet sounds of music reached the

sky. The people carried the palanquin which

contained the nicely decorated idols while Sri

Yadavendra Thirtha, holding the Danda, looked

very graceful.

Everyone did prostrations to Sri Yadavendra

Thirtha and the idols of Vyasa and Raghupati.

Jog Mallya requested the Guru to stay in Bhatkal

and donated a temple to Shree Kashi Math

Samsthan in 1606. A document known as “Jogan

Mallya’s Deed” is in the Math records, (preserved

by H.H Sri Sudhindra Thirtha Swamiji). A free

rendering of the same is given below:

I, Jog Mallya, son of Bhatkal Ananta Mallya,

hereby solemnly donate the following to Shri

Yadavendra Thirtha Shripad Wodeyar, Shishya of

Shrimath Vijayendra Thirtha Shripad Wodeyar,

Shishya of Shrimath Surendra Thirtha having

titles such as

श्रीमथपरमहंस परिव्राजकाचार्य
पदवाख्य प्रमाणपारावार
पारंगतसर्वतंत्र स्वतन्त्रराद
श्रीमथवैष्णवसिद्धांत प्रथिष्ठापनाचार्यराद

श्रीमथरामचंद्रदेवर दिव्यश्रीपादपद्माराधक

Shrimathparamahamsa Parivrajakacharya

Padavakyapramanaparavaar Parangath

Sarvatantra

Swatanrarad Shrimathvaishnava Siddantha

Prathistapanacharya Shrimathramachandra Devar

Divya Shripadapadma Aaradhaka

on Monday Vaishakha Shuddha Purnima of

Prabhava Samvatsara of Sh. Sh. 1528

(corresponding to 12th May 1606), I solemnly

donate to you Tirumala Vishnu Temple built by

me, the temple bordering the Kamakshi Temple in

the east (built by my father, Ananta Mallya in the

olden days, the temple which later came into my

possession), a wall erected by me in the south,

two big roads in the west and north, along with

the Utsava (procession) idol of Tirumala God and

the articles of puja, I am also donating the landed

property to you for the maintenance of the temple

and performance of various pujas and

samaradhanas (mass feasts) mentioned as

under: Amrit Padi to Tirumala God – Hari Jagara

of Kartika month, the great procession on Uttana

Dwadashi, Vanabhojana of Kartika Purnima,

Jagara of Ekadashi. Naga Purana Vachana in

Kartika, Vaishakha and other months and

naivedya in the mornings in the month of Dhanu

(the rice required for these individual items are

separately mentioned; the total quantity of rice

amounts to 13 1/2 muras). Please continue to

perform the Krishnarpana duty during the various

Utsavas in the temple. Do get the pujas

performed in the temple. Whenever you will be in

pilgrimage to other places, you will authorise

Brahmanas of our caste and of my choice to

perform the pujas. The renovation of this temple

in the future, whenever necessary, will be done by

you. The trusteeship of this temple shall rest with

the local people including us. Your heirs as well

as mine shall act according to this deed

regarding all the matters of the temple.

This act of donation has been witnessed by

Lakbal Prabhu, son of Narayana Prabhu and

Lakaras Kamath, son of Lakaras Kamath. Signed

by the donor, donee and witnesses.

(This was written by Kamayya, son of Ravalappa

Shanbhag). The plot is shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 1: Tirumala Temple donated by Jog Mallya to

Sri Yadavendra Thirtha

yad

This donation deed clearly mentions that

 

 

Shrimath Yadavendra Thirtha was the Shishya of

 

Shrimath Vijayendra Thirtha, who was the

 

Shishya of Shrimath Surendra Thirtha (of

 

Kumbhakonam /Mantralaya Matha).

 

Sri Yadavendra Thirtha worshipped Sri Vyasa

 

Raghupathi three times a day. He meditated and

 

reflected on the Shastras. He recited, taught and

 

gave religious discourses on the sacred treatises.

 

He became weak as He did not take any physical

 

rest for the body. His mind was firmly fixed on

 

the holy feet of Sri Vyasa Raghupati. He was

 

always absorbed in meditation on the bank of the

 

river Gopi and He was a Sthitha Prajna. He was

 

content and had no desire.

 

He selected a Vatu (young boy) who was not

 

involved in worldly life. He prayed to Vedavyasa

 

and told that boy that, “Lord Vedvyasa needs you

 

to serve in our Kashi Math and so, convince your

 

parents”. He got consent from his parents. With

 

the help of the book SRI YATI PRANAVAKALPA

 

(one of the literary works of Madhwa), Sri

 

Yadavendra Thirtha initiated that Vatu into

 

Sanyas and renamed him SHRIMATH

 

KESHAVENRA THIRTHA and accepted him as his

 

Patta Shishya (Successor).

 

Sri Yadavendra Thirtha taught Sri Keshavendra

 

Thirtha that the way to liberation and salvation is

 

to contemplate, serve and worship the Lord with

 

love and devotion; to be detached from desire

 

and take an interest in the worship of the Lord.

 

The body is impermanent like a burnt cloth. One

 

who renounces worldly duties will attain

 

salvation.

 

Sri Yadavendra Thirtha handed over the

 

administration of Shree Kashi Math to Sri

 

Keshavendra Thirtha and then spent time in a

 

solitary location on the bank of the river Gopi in

 

Bhatkal. With single pointed concentration He

 

meditated on Lord Narayana. SRI YADAVENDRA

 

THIRTHA camped in Bhatkal till he attained Maha

 

Samadhi there, which occurred on Wednesday

 

22nd June 1608 (Ashadha Bahula Panchami of

 

Keelaka Samvatsara Sh. Sh. 1530) at a ripe old

 

age of about 80-90 years.

 

Sri Keshavendra Thirtha with utmost devotion

 

prostrated the feet of His Guru Sri Yadavendra

 

Thirtha. They adorned His Physical body with

 

Tulsi, Nama Mudra and Tilak. They built a

 

Vrindavan of SRI YADAVENDRA THIRTHA on the

 

bank of river Gopi, while the name of Narayana

 

was being chanted and then on everyone

 

worshipped Him.

H.H Shrimath Varadendra Thirtha Swamiji

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Shrimath Varadendra Thirtha was the eighteenth Swamiji of Shree Kashi Math. He had spent ten years in Banaras Matha premises, studying Sanskrit and became a great Sanskrit scholar and authored many compositions in praise of Lord Rama, Lord Krishna and other deities. His poetic genius found expression in wonderful compositions such as Malabandha, Chakrabandha, Nagabandha etc. Some of these are given in Fig. 15, 16 and 17

Shrimath Varadendra Thirtha had a personality of multifarious activities. He was a patron of fine arts, music and literature. He was a scholar in mathematics, astrology, palmistry and Ayurveda and was an accomplished linguist. He knew Sanskrit, Malayalam, Konkani, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati, English, Latin, French, Portuguese, Urdu, German and Japanese languages. His was a unique personality, with versatility combined with strength of character. He was an ardent lover of children and reared animals (deers) and birds as pets.

Modern engineering had great facination for him. Mechanical gadgets had interested him. He had repaired wall clocks and time pieces. In order to print the various manuscripts on religious works lying in the custody of Shree Kashi Math, the Swamiji founded a printing press, Sachchidananda Mudranalaya in Basrur. This was in operation for four years. His mastery over the printing craft had amazed the people around him. His efforts in composing, printing and book binding were appreciated even at the Basel Mission Press, the pioneers in the art of printing in Mangalore. At his printing press he composed the entire manuscript of Brahma Mantra Samhita for printing.

The Swamiji wanted to have a central library at Basrur, where he intended to store all the books lying in the various Matha buildings distributed all over India. He planned to construct a building for the purpose. But before the plan was executed, the Swamiji had to visit Kochi and different places in South Kanara district. Thus he left Basrur in 1900.

h.h_shrimath_varadendra_thirtha_swamiji_03 h.h_shrimath_varadendra_thirtha_swamiji_02 h.h_shrimath_varadendra_thirtha_swamiji_01

When the Swamiji was camping in Kundapura, he learnt that the telegraphic transmitting machine had gone out of order. Immediately he asked some of his men to bring the machine and he set it right to the astonishment of all.

The Swamiji was very industrious. He had even constructed a loom, weaving narrow width fabrics (ribbons), where religious symbols like Om, Swastika etc. and names of Gods were constructed by weaving, using differently co loured yarns. A half-finished ribbon (uttareeya) was found along with the loom in Shree Kashi Math premises in Bantval, years after the passing away of the Swamiji.

Shrimath Varadendra Thirtha Swamiji performed the installation and renovation ceremonies at various templeS. For example, the installation ceremony at Shri Lakshmi Venkatesha Temple, Udupi was done by him on Vaishakha Bahula Dwitiya of DurmukhiSamvatsar Sh. Sh. 1818 (Wednesday, 29th April 1896). The foundation stone of this temple had been laid earlier by Shrimath Bhuvanendra Tinha Swamiji. The idol of Shri Lakshmi Venkatesha (3 feet tall) was made by Shri Lakshmana Shanbhag, the famous sculptor of Karkala. One of the compositions (Malabandha) of Shrimath Varadendra Thirtha Swamiji has been carved on a rock pillar in the temple.

Some details of the installation of the idol of Shri Venkataramana in the temple in Puttur, South Kanara are available in the Deepa Seva Stuti recited every evening in the temple. A part of the stuti is as follows:

h.h_shrimath_varadendra_thirtha_swamiji_04

The idol was installed in Phalguna Bahula Dwitiya of Vilambi Samvatsar, Sh. Sh. 1820 (Monday, 27th March 1899)

Shrimath Varadendra Thirtha had initiated one Shrinivasa Prabhu of Kochi into sanyasaon Shravana Shuddha Chaturthi of Paridhavi Samvatsar, Sh. Sh. 1834 (1912) and called him Shrimath Sukriteendra Thirtha. This was performed in Tiruchirapalli on the bank of the sacred river Kaveri. Earlier, the king of Travancore had honoured Shrimath Varadendra Thirtha Swamiji after inviting him to his palace and presented him with a gold Vidwan Shrinkhala and an address.

Subsequently, the Swamiji came to Bombay and camped in the Matha premises in Walkeshwar, Banaganga, till his death, which occurred in Ashada Shuddha Dwiteeya of Ananda Samvatsar, Sh. Sh. 1836 (Wednesday, 24th June 1914). His Vrindavan is by the side of that of Shrimath Madhavendra Thirtha, the seventh Swamiji of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan in Walkeshwar.

H.H SHRIMATH KESHAVENDRA THIRTHA SWAMIJI

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H.H SHRIMATH KESHAVENDRA THIRTHA SWAMIJI
Shrimath Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji , who was
a Shastra Jnani (an expert in scriptures), was
initiated into Sanyasa by His Guru H.H Shrimath
Yadavendra Thirtha Swamiji. He became the
second head of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan after
His Guru, the first Mathadhipathi attained
Mahasamadhi in the year 1608 A.D. The
assembled disciples there said that they were
really blessed. Shree Kashi Math Samsthan
gained more fame even though He was just a
young ascetic. He had countless Goud Saraswath
Brahmin disciples residing in Vasupura (Basrur)
and Hejmadi. The Goud Saraswath community
saw a bright light due to His supernatural
powers. They exclaimed, ‘The Guru is our wealth
and we are elevated and prosperous”.
Sri Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji, accompanied by
the idols of Sri Vyasa and Raghupati, and His
disciples went on a pilgrimage to the famous
Kshetras. The disciples played auspicious musical
instruments such as blowing the conch and
playing the drums, visited Rajata Pita (Udupi),
and Gokarna. They went to Sheshadri (Tirupathi),
had a dip in Papa Vinashini Thirtha and had the
Darshan of Lord Venkatramana (Srinivasa). Then
they went to Kumbakonam to visit the Parama
Guru’s (Guru’s Guru) place where Sri
Keshavendra Thirtha prostrated to the Vrindavan
of Shrimath Vijayindra Thirtha and left for
Rameshwaram. He told the disciples to take a
bath in the Rama Setu (sea) in order to attain
salvation. Then they went to Kanchi, Ayodhya,
Mathura, Dwaraka and Haridwar. Then they
reached the Moola Math at Kashi(Varanasi), had
a holy bath in the Holy River Ganga, and then had
the darshan of Lord Sri Rama (Installed by His
Guru Sri Yadavendra Thirtha Swamiji). He had a
Holy Dip in the Ganges, meditated and did
penance every day. He practiced religious
austerities and took a vow of silence most of the
time. He read the eighteen Puranas and offered
them to Lord Vyasa and Raghupahi. He had only
one longing, i.e to visit Badri. So He prayed to
the Almighty, “Solve my problem, bestow and
show me the holy feet of Lord Vyasa”.
Sri Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji stayed at Kashi
(Varanasi) for a long time. No One knows the
Leelas (divine plays) of Lord Narayana. One early
morning, during a holy dip in the Ganga, as per
the usual custom, He picked up some Holy Sand
from the river bed to apply on the forehead. While
doing so he felt something hard, probably a box
made of metal. On opening it, He was
overwhelmed with joy to see the idol of Lord
Vedavyasa. In this idol, Sri Vedavyasa was in a
Padmasana. His face shone intensely. He had
matted hair tied over his head. His hands showed
the Mudras of Jnana and Abhaya. (Since then, it
has been a custom for Swamijis of Shree Kashi
Math to take a holy bath in the Ganges with the
image on their head.) Looking at the idol of Sri
Vedavyasa, Sri Swamiji extolled, “Oh Vedavyasa,
Hail Hail Badarayana! Son of Parashara and
Satyavati. You appeared before me and gave
Your darshan”. Then He brought the idol to the
Math, accompanied by chanting of the Vedas,
installed it on a throne situated on a high
pedestal. Vyasa was the predominating deity and
always gave Him joy. He further developed the
physical environs of the Math. With the worship
of Vedavyasa there was an increase in the Fame
of the Math. He gave Anna Daana to the poor.
He founded the Math building at Basrur in
Kundapura taluk. Another building at Hemmady in
the same taluk was built by the followers of
Shree Samsthan, the residents of Hemmady, who
donated the same to Swamiji. He travelled widely
and bought some land in Kashi, adjacent to the
existing Math premises with the intention of
expansion in the future.
The following details obtained from certain court
documents, cover hitherto unknown or little
known
Facts about the second to the seventh Swamijis
of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan. These are
twenty-two documents in the form of sale deeds,
affidavits etc. filed in Muslim Courts of
Mohammadabad (the name by which Kashi was
known in official circles during Muslim Rule) and
court declarations. These were in the Persian
language, and were subsequently translated into
Kannada (the copies of the Kannada versions of
all these twenty two documents are in the
Possesion of H.H Shrimath Sudhindra Thirtha
Swamiji). These bring to light some of the
hitherto unknown facts of Shree Kashi Math
Samsthan and some of the earlier Swamijis of
Shree Samsthan. Some of these are found very
useful in deciding some of the controversial
matters and misconceptions regarding the history
of the Shree Samsthan. An attempt is made here
to clear these misconceptions with the help of
these documents.
Firstly, let us consider Document No.9. This is
dated 4th Shavval 1078 A.H.* (corresponding to
Sunday, 8th March, 1668) and issued under the
seals of Kazi Sayyad Inayatulla and Kazi Sheikh
Vaviyulla, Daroga Dost Baig and Mufti Sheikh
Dost Mohammed and Sheikh Ambilo. It relates to
a declaration given by a respectable person,
Rama Bhat, son of Narayana Bhat and renamed
as Keshava Thirtha after becoming a sanyasi, in
the administrative office in Banaras, regarding a
plot of land with a building on it. This building
had three halls in the north, west and south and
a separate W. e. on the plot and all these were
covered with wooden planks at the ceiling. There
was also a vacant space in the plot, which
measured 17 yards (eastwest) x 15 yards (north-
south) and was situated in the Brahma Ghat in
Banaras. The four boundaries of the plot are
shown below in Fig. 2. The shaded portions are
the walls erected by Shrimath Keshava Thirtha.
k2 (1)
The declaration goes on to state that the said
plot was in the possession of one Smt. Shanvai,
wife of Ananta Bhat and that Shrimath Keshava
Thirtha bought it from her for Rs.600 (Rupees six
hundred only). The sale deed, with the seal of the
Kazi Sadulla, was in the custody of Shrimath
Keshava Thirtha. However, it got destroyed due
to rain water falling on the place where it was
kept. After some days Shrimath Keshava Thirtha
demolished the old building and constructed a
new building with wooden ceiling on the eastern
side. Halls were built with tiled roof on the east,
south, north and west. There was even an
underground room below the western hall. A
separate W.C. was constructed near the southern
boundary of the plot. He was the sole owner of
the plot and the buildings.
Two witnesses (Ganesh Bhat, son of Dilare Bhat,
son of Narasing Bhat, and Bavan Bhat, son of
Ananta Bhat, son of Amarish Bhat) testified to the
fact that Shrimath Keshava Thirtha had
purchased the said plot from the said woman and
that he had constructed the said buildings on the
plot after demolishing the earlier ones.
The said Bavan Bhat further testified that his
name was shown as a witness on the said sale
deed. Subsequently, Shrimath Keshava Thirtha
declared that he is legally donating the said plot
along with the structures standing thereof,
without expecting any money to his chela
(shishya) Yadavendra, son of Taman Bhat, son of
Narayana Bhat. The said Yadavendra took
possession of the same. Yadavendra who was
also present in the assembly of worthy people
declared that he took possession of the said plot
with buildings and the concerned records.
Shrimath Keshava Thirtha has been described as
one with wheat complexion, wide forehead, wide
eyes and brows, high nose, having a small and a
big black mole on the centre of the nose, a big
black mole on the right side of the head, another
black mole on the left side of the nose and a
fourth one on the right chin. Both of his ears
have been punched (to wear ear rings). He has a
tall figure and his age is given as 85 years (The
year of his birth works out to be 1583).
The following facts come to light from the above
document.
(1) Shrimath Keshava Thirtha bought a plot of
land in the Brahma Ghat in Banaras for Rs. 600
from a lady named Shanvai, wife of Ananta Bhat.
(2) He demolished the old building and
constructed a new one on the plot.
(3) This plot was adjacent to the residence of
Upendra sanyasi.
(4) In the poorvashrama, Shrimath Keshava
Thirtha was one Rama Bhat, son of Narayana
Bhat.
(5) Yadavendra was initiated into sanyasa by
Shrimath Keshava Thirtha and made him his heir.
(6) In the poorvashrama, Yadavendra was the son
of Taman Bhat, son of Narayana Bhat.
It may be mentioned that this Yadavendra was
different from Yadavendra, the first Swamiji of the
Kashi Matha Samsthan and Shrimath Keshava
Thirtha’s Guru Swamiji. Yadavendra mentioned in
the above document may be called Yadavendra II.
The other name mentioned, Upendra sanyasi is
the same as Shrimath Upendra Thirtha.
Thus it is known that Shrimath Keshava Thirtha
(Sri Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji) had two
shishyas, UPENDRA THIRTHA (who further
developed the Moola Math at Kashi) and
YADAVENDRA (II) THIRTHA, both of whom had
two plots adjacent to each other at Kashi.
Shrimath Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji had equal
love and affection for both his Shishyas.
After donating the Kashi Moola Math premises to
His Second Shishya Yadavendra Thirtha (II), the
Guru Swami left for Basrur. Sri Keshavendra
Thirtha Swamiji lived in Basrur (South Kanara)
and it became a holy place. Most of the Goud
Saraswaths continued to be compassionate and
practiced the knowledge of truth. Sri Keshavendra
Thirtha Swamiji stayed in the Basrur Shri Math till
he became very old. Swami Keshavendra Thirtha
had attained Samadhi in Basrur on Sunday
February 27, 1670 A.D at the age of 87 years
(Phalguna Bahula Triteeya of Saumya
Samvatsara, Sh. Sh. 1591). His Vrindavana is in
the premises of Basrur Shri Kashi Math

H.H SHRIMATH UPENDRA(I) THIRTHA SWAMIJI

H.H SHRIMATH UPENDRA(I) THIRTHA SWAMIJI
 
At the passing away of H.H Shrimath
 
Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji, H.H
 
Shrimath Upendra Thirtha Swamiji
 
became the third Mathadhipathi of Shree
 
Kashi Math Samsthan. Widely travelled
 
from Kashi to Cochin, at a time when
 
travelling facilities were not as fast or
 
convenient as now, the Swamiji had
 
purchased some land on 25th May, 1622
 
in Kashi to enlarge the Moola Math
premises.
 
A copy of the sale deed (Document No.4)
 
(Kannada translation of the Persian
 
original) translated into English is given
 
below:
 
(Kazi Nematulla and Sheikh Maruf Mufti)
 
dated 25th Rajab 1031 A.H. (Sunday 25th
 
May, 1622).
 
This day an honourable gentleman
 
named Jagadisha Rawat, son of
 
Vishwanatha Rawat, son of Narayana
 
Rawat in the administrative town of
 
Banaras being present makes it known
 
that a house with a hall having a wooden
 
ceiling in the west and a similar one in
 
the north, with a courtyard, whose
 
length is 17 1 /2 yards (east west) and
 
whose breadth is 11 yards (north-south)
 
is situated in the Durga Ghat within the
 
Banaras town, and bounded by four –
 
East – adjoining the building bought by
 
Upendra Thirtha, son of Soir Bhat, son of
 
Marthu Bhat.
 
West – adjoining a road.
 
North – adjoining the residence of the
 
said Upendra Thirtha.
 
South – by the side of the Durga Ghat .
 
With all the rights and appurtenences,
 
which was in the ownership and
 
possession of my father, Vishwanatha
 
Rawat. After his death, all these rights
 
and the said property have been
 
inherited by me, his only son. Therefore
 
till today I am the sole owner of the said
 
property. The sale price of the said
 
property has been fixed as Rs.145
 
(Rupees one hundred forty five only) by
 
Sineek Mistry. Now I have sold the said
 
property by sale truly, validly,
 
appropriately, free from ambiguous
 
meanings without deceitful desire,
 
without conceit and without force and
 
without unwillingness to Upendra
 
Thirtha, the owner of the plots adjoining
 
in the east and in the north for the said
 
price, as approved of by the said Mistry.
 
The two parties (the buyer and the seller)
 
have exchanged the said amount and the
 
said property. The responsibility of any
 
loss which might be incurred with
 
respect to this sale shall rest with the
 
seller. These proceedings took place in
 
the presence of trustworthy householders
 
on the said date.
 
Fig. 3 Plot purchased by Upendra Thirtha
from Jagadish Rawal in Banaras
(Document No.4)
1111
Another document (No. (dated Sunday
20th November, 1625) regarding the
purchase of another plot from the same
Jagadisha Rawat by Shrimath Upendra
Thirtha, states as follows:
Sale Deed dated 29th Safar, 1035 A.H.
with the seals of Kazi Sadulla and Mufti
Sheikh Maroof.
The plot is shown in Fig. 3.
 
A respectable person, known by the
 
name of Jagadisha Rawat, son of
 
Vishwanatha Rawat, son of Narayana
 
Rawat in the administrative town of
 
Banaras being present makes it known
 
that a house with a hall with a wooden
 
ceiling facing the east and a courtyard
 
whose width is 13 yards (Ilahi Yards·
 
Ziras) and length 30 yards and a second
 
portion with length 18 1 /2 yards and
 
breadth 11 1 /2 yards situated in the
 
Brahma Ghat within the said town and
 
bounded on the four sides as under :
 
East – the bank of the river Ganga. West
 
– adjoining channel.
 
North – adjoining the residence of one
 
Smt. Shanvai and the Paya Ghat.
 
South – by the side of the famous Durga
 
Ghat.
 
With all the rights and appurtenences
 
and with all the small and greatest which
 
is in it, or form it, which is in my
 
ownership and possession. No one has
 
any right to the said property. The sale
 
price of this property has been fixed by
 
Seni Mistry as Rs.525 (Five hundred and
 
twenty five rupees) half of which is
 
Rs.262 1 /2 In the hands of Upendra
 
Thirtha, son of Soir Bhat, son of Marthu
 
Bhat, a southern Konkani, I have sold by
 
sale truly, validly, appropriately,
 
completely, free from ambiguous
 
meanings, without deceitful desire,
 
without conceit and without force and
 
without unwillingness and the said
 
buyer to the within seller for the said
 
price. The two parties (the buyer and the
 
seller) have exchanged the said amount
 
and the said property. The responsibility
 
of any loss which might be incurred with
 
respect to this sale shall rest with the
 
seller. These proceedings took place in
 
the presence of trustworthy people on
 
the said date.
 
According to a third document (No. 23),
 
the same Jagadisha Rawat sold another
 
plot (Krishna Chowk) in Banaras for
 
Rs.150 to Shrimath Upendra Thirtha.
 
This plot is shown in Fig. 4.
 
Shri Jagadisha Rawat had inherited this
 
plot from his father Vishwanatha Rawat.
 
Thus Shrimath Upendra Thirtha
 
purchased three plots of land from Shri
 
Jagadisha Rawat between 1622 and 1625.
1112222

Earlier, Shrimath Sudhindra Thirtha

 

 

 

 

 

Swamiji (Shishya- Swami of Shrimath

 

Vijayendra Thirtha) of Kumbhakonam

 

Math Samsthan had installed the idol of

 

Lord Venkatesha in Cochin Tirumala

 

Devaswom. on Chaitra Shuddha

 

Poornima of Vikari Samvatsara, Sh. Sh,

 

1521 (Friday, 30-3-1599). The Pratishta

 

shloka is as follows:

 

शाकेक्ष्मा नयनेषु भुपरिमिते वर्षे विकार्याव्हये |

 

चैत्रे चित्रभे संयुते शुभदिने राकातिथौ वासरे ||

 

शुऋे श्री विजयेन्द्रतीर्थे यतिनच्छात्रै सुधीन्द्रवंरै |

 

श्रीमद्वेंकट नायको विजयते गोश्रीपुरे स्थापिता

 

||

 

Shakshema Nayaneshtu Bhuparimite

 

Varsha Vikaaryavyahye |

 

Chaitrai Chitrabhe Samyute Shubha Dine

 

Rakatithou Vaasare ||

 

Shukre Shri Vijayendratirthe

 

Yatinachaathrai Sudhindra Varai |

 

Shrimadvenkata Naayako Vijayathe

 

Gosripure Sthapitha ||

 

After installing the idol, the Swamiji had

 

obtained a letter of authority from his

 

Guru, prescribing the manner in which

 

daily pujas have to be conducted in the

 

temple. A summary of this letter is as

 

follows:-

 

“Rich Goud Saraswath Brahmins of Goa

 

had migrated to Cochin (Gosripuram).

 

These were called Mahajans. You (these

 

Brahmanas) have founded Shri

 

Venkatesha Temple in Cochin. This is a

 

sacred place. In order to protect

 

Swadharma, a committee of 46 people

 

(22 Grihasthas and 24 Vaidikas) was

 

appointed. Also, another committee of 18

 

members (two trustees – Mhala Pai and

 

Prabhu, eight officers and eight

 

Grihasthas) was appointed to look after

 

the daily management of the temple. The

 

Vaidikas should follow Smriti Muktavali,

 

a Vaishnava grantha, given by Shrimath

 

Vijayendra Thirtha for performing the

 

daily pujas in the temple according to

 

Vaishnava code. The trustees and other

 

members of the committee should ensure

 

that these rules are observed faithfully”.

 

Later Shrimath Upendra Thirtha Swamiji

 

visited Cochin. Every day he taught the

 

scriptures and gave religious discourses.

 

The people were blessed with

 

Mantropadesha and Mudra Dharana. It

 

appeared that there were certain

 

difficulties in observing all the rules

 

prescribed by Shrimath Sudhindra

 

Thirtha Swamiji of Kumbakonam Math.

 

The people pleaded, “We do not know

 

anything; since we have little knowledge

 

we commit errors while worshipping

 

Lord Venkatapati, please guide us”. At

 

the request of the Cochin Goud

 

Saraswath Brahmins, Shrimath Upendra

 

Thirtha Swamiji made certain changes in

 

these methods of puja in the temple by

 

teaching them Agama Shastra and a letter

 

of authority (Ajna Rayas) dated Jeshta

 

Shuddha Dvadashi of Jaya Samvatsara,

 

Sh. Sh. 1576 (corresponding to

 

Wednesday, 17th May 1654). The letter

 

is summarised below:

 

“Let Goud Saraswath Brahmins of Cochin

 

be considered as Mahajanas. As decided

 

by the previous Swamiji (Shrimath

 

Sudhindra Thirtha of Kumbhakonam

 

Matha) the Mahajanas comprise

 

Vaidikas, officers and the rest. These

 

three groups contributed their mite in

 

founding the Venkatesha temple as well

 

as for conducting pujas five times a day

 

and Utsavas. The Vaidikas have to

 

perform the pujas according to

 

Pancharatragama. Let the people

 

perform Jati Dharma, Ashrama Dharma,

 

Havya Kavya Karma etc. according to

 

this Grantha. When we are away on

 

pilgrimage or tour of other places, let the

 

pujas performed by us in the temple be

 

performed by the principal Vaidika, who

 

shall be honoured by presenting Tambul,

 

Dakshina etc, which are due to us. This

 

was ordered by the earlier Swamiji and

 

let it be continued. Let the people follow

 

the injunctions of Ten Granthas –

 

Smritimuktavali, Smriti Kausthubha,

 

Vijnaneshwari, Smriti Chandrika,

 

Nirnaya Sindhu, Parashara Smriti,

 

Karma Siddhanta, Prayoga Darpana,

 

Hemadri Prayashchitta and Kaladarsha.

 

As ordained by the earlier Swamiji, the

 

right to perform the pujas in the temple

 

shall rest with the principal Acharya

 

among the Vaidikas and his heirs. If

 

there are any faults the trustees and

 

officers should consult the Vaidikas and

 

set it right and also perform

 

Prayashchitta. We proclaim that if the

 

Acharya is at fault, he shall be

 

appropriately punished by the officers.

 

When we camp at Cochin, the expenses

 

incurred on account of the pujas of Shri

 

Vyasa-Raghupati (Shree Samsthan

 

Deities) shall be borne from the funds of

 

the temple. If there are any orphans in

 

Goud Saraswath Brahmin community,

 

the temple shall take possession of their

 

funds, if any, and their thread

 

ceremony, marriage and the funeral

 

rites shall be the responsibility of the

 

temple.

 

“The right of trusteeship of the temple

 

shall be hereditary. If there are any

 

difference of opinion among the

 

committee members (officers and

 

Grihasthas), we proclaim that these shall

 

be resolved at a meeting of the

 

responsible members of the whole

 

community and the temple work shall

 

not suffer. The balance amount from the

 

temple income remaining after

 

defraying the legitimate expenses of the

 

temple shall remain (after the

 

accountant prepares the annual

 

accounts) with the chief trustee. Vaidikas

 

and officers and others shall perform all

 

the duties of Shree Samsthan prescribed

 

by us. The right of Karmanga (puja etc.)

 

shall rest with the Vaidikas. Income and

 

expenditure, temple management etc.

 

shall be looked after by the officers who

 

shall punish those who err in the affairs

 

of Shree Samsthan. Thus these two

 

groups shall look after the Samsthan

 

affairs. If there is any difference of

 

opinion among these two groups, it has

 

to be resolved at a meeting of the

 

responsible members of the whole

 

community. At such a meeting, a Shenvi,

 

appointed by the community shall

 

convince all concerned people. If a

 

dispute arises in the community itself, a

 

Swamiji of our Math Samsthan shall be

 

consulted and his decision shall be final

 

and binding”.

 

After sometime, He left for the North. He

 

circumambulated the Vindhya

 

Mountains and then reached Kashi. He

 

expanded the Moola Math at Kashi. He

 

practiced the religious duty of Sanyas

 

with faith. He propagated the philosophy

 

of Madhwa.

 

As soon as He heard of the Samadhi of His Guru

 

Sri Keshavendra Thirtha, Upendra Thirtha (living

 

in Kashi), who was the older Shishya of Sri

 

Keshavendra Thirtha, arrived in Basrur. He sat in

 

great sorrow near the Vrindavan of His master,

 

and meditated with the resolve. Yadavendra II

 

(the younger Shishya of Sri Keshavendra Thirtha)

 

requested Sri Upendra Thirtha to initiate a

 

Shishya as He wanted to spend His time in a

 

secluded place free from earthly bondage.

 

Subsequently, Upendra Thirtha left for Kashi.

 

There he initiated his (former) brother’s son into

 

sanyasa, renamed him as Shrimath Raghavendra

 

Thirtha and accepted him as his Patta-Shishya.

 

Their inter relationships are shown in Fig. 5.

 

Fig. 5 : Inter-relationship between some

 

Swamijis of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan.

 

There, Sri UPENDRA THIRTHA handed

 

over all the Movable and Immovable

 

properties of the Math to Sri

 

Raghavendra Thirtha and lived in Kashi

 

all alone. He lived life without any

 

attachments. He only thought of Lord

 

Vyasa and Raghupati. He did only

 

mental worship. He always meditated on

 

the banks of the River Ganga, unaware

 

of his own self. He was in a state of not

 

knowing anything about the outside

 

world.

 

It was on Kartika Shuddha Shashti of

 

Ananda Samvatsara, Sh. Sh. 1596

 

(corresponding to Saturday, 24th

 

October 1674) that Shrimath Upendra

 

Thirtha Swamiji attained Maha Samadhi

 

in Kashi. According to a custom,

 

followed in Shree Kashi Math Samsthan,

 

whenever a Swamiji passed away in

 

Kashi, the mortal remains of the Swamiji

 

would then be placed in a box made of

 

rock slabs and lowered into the holy

 

river Ganga, who was born of Lord

 

Vishnu’s toe. Only an idol of Hanuman

 

will be consecrated, in the name of the

 

Guru who has attained Mukti, and

 

formal structure of a Vrindavan will be

 

built for Puja Purposes.HH Shrimath Upendra (I)

 

Thirtha Swamiji

 

H.H SHRIMATH UPENDRA(I) THIRTHA SWAMIJI

 

At the passing away of H.H Shrimath

 

Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji, H.H

 

Shrimath Upendra Thirtha Swamiji

 

became the third Mathadhipathi of Shree

 

Kashi Math Samsthan. Widely travelled

 

from Kashi to Cochin, at a time when

 

travelling facilities were not as fast or

 

convenient as now, the Swamiji had

 

purchased some land on 25th May, 1622

 

in Kashi to enlarge the Moola Math

 

premises.

 

A copy of the sale deed (Document No.4)

 

(Kannada translation of the Persian

 

original) translated into English is given

 

below:

 

(Kazi Nematulla and Sheikh Maruf Mufti)

 

dated 25th Rajab 1031 A.H. (Sunday 25th

 

May, 1622).

 

This day an honourable gentleman

 

named Jagadisha Rawat, son of

 

Vishwanatha Rawat, son of Narayana

 

Rawat in the administrative town of

 

Banaras being present makes it known

 

that a house with a hall having a wooden

 

ceiling in the west and a similar one in

 

the north, with a courtyard, whose

 

length is 17 1 /2 yards (east west) and

 

whose breadth is 11 yards (north-south)

 

is situated in the Durga Ghat within the

 

Banaras town, and bounded by four –

 

East – adjoining the building bought by

 

Upendra Thirtha, son of Soir Bhat, son of

 

Marthu Bhat.

 

West – adjoining a road.

 

North – adjoining the residence of the

 

said Upendra Thirtha.

 

South – by the side of the Durga Ghat .

 

With all the rights and appurtenences,

 

which was in the ownership and

 

possession of my father, Vishwanatha

 

Rawat. After his death, all these rights

 

and the said property have been

 

inherited by me, his only son. Therefore

 

till today I am the sole owner of the said

 

property. The sale price of the said

 

property has been fixed as Rs.145

 

(Rupees one hundred forty five only) by

 

Sineek Mistry. Now I have sold the said

 

property by sale truly, validly,

 

appropriately, free from ambiguous

 

meanings without deceitful desire,

 

without conceit and without force and

 

without unwillingness to Upendra

 

Thirtha, the owner of the plots adjoining

 

in the east and in the north for the said

 

price, as approved of by the said Mistry.

 

The two parties (the buyer and the seller)

 

have exchanged the said amount and the

 

said property. The responsibility of any

 

loss which might be incurred with

 

respect to this sale shall rest with the

 

seller. These proceedings took place in

 

the presence of trustworthy householders

 

on the said date.

 

Fig. 3 Plot purchased by Upendra Thirtha

 

from Jagadish Rawal in Banaras

 

(Document No.4)

 

Another document (No. (dated Sunday

 

20th November, 1625) regarding the

 

purchase of another plot from the same

 

Jagadisha Rawat by Shrimath Upendra

 

Thirtha, states as follows:

 

Sale Deed dated 29th Safar, 1035 A.H.

 

with the seals of Kazi Sadulla and Mufti

 

Sheikh Maroof.

 

The plot is shown in Fig. 3.

 

A respectable person, known by the

 

name of Jagadisha Rawat, son of

 

Vishwanatha Rawat, son of Narayana

 

Rawat in the administrative town of

 

Banaras being present makes it known

 

that a house with a hall with a wooden

 

ceiling facing the east and a courtyard

 

whose width is 13 yards (Ilahi Yards··

 

Ziras) and length 30 yards and a second

 

portion with length 18 1 /2 yards and

 

breadth 11 1 /2 yards situated in the

 

Brahma Ghat within the said town and

 

bounded on the four sides as under :

 

East – the bank of the river Ganga. West

 

– adjoining channel.

 

North – adjoining the residence of one

 

Smt. Shanvai and the Paya Ghat.

 

South – by the side of the famous Durga

 

Ghat.

 

With all the rights and appurtenences

 

and with all the small and greatest which

 

is in it, or form it, which is in my

 

ownership and possession. No one has

 

any right to the said property. The sale

 

price of this property has been fixed by

 

Seni Mistry as Rs.525 (Five hundred and

 

twenty five rupees) half of which is

 

Rs.262 1 /2 In the hands of Upendra

 

Thirtha, son of Soir Bhat, son of Marthu

 

Bhat, a southern Konkani, I have sold by

 

sale truly, validly, appropriately,

 

completely, free from ambiguous

 

meanings, without deceitful desire,

 

without conceit and without force and

 

without unwillingness and the said

 

buyer to the within seller for the said

 

price. The two parties (the buyer and the

 

seller) have exchanged the said amount

 

and the said property. The responsibility

 

of any loss which might be incurred with

 

respect to this sale shall rest with the

 

seller. These proceedings took place in

 

the presence of trustworthy people on

 

the said date.

 

According to a third document (No. 23),

 

the same Jagadisha Rawat sold another

 

plot (Krishna Chowk) in Banaras for

 

Rs.150 to Shrimath Upendra Thirtha.

 

This plot is shown in Fig. 4.

 

Shri Jagadisha Rawat had inherited this

 

plot from his father Vishwanatha Rawat.

 

Thus Shrimath Upendra Thirtha

 

purchased three plots of land from Shri

 

Jagadisha Rawat between 1622 and 1625.

 

Earlier, Shrimath Sudhindra Thirtha

 

Swamiji (Shishya- Swami of Shrimath

 

Vijayendra Thirtha) of Kumbhakonam

 

Math Samsthan had installed the idol of

 

Lord Venkatesha in Cochin Tirumala

 

Devaswom. on Chaitra Shuddha

 

Poornima of Vikari Samvatsara, Sh. Sh,

 

1521 (Friday, 30-3-1599). The Pratishta

 

shloka is as follows:

 

शाकेक्ष्मा नयनेषु भुपरिमिते वर्षे विकार्याव्हये |

 

चैत्रे चित्रभे संयुते शुभदिने राकातिथौ वासरे ||

 

शुऋे श्री विजयेन्द्रतीर्थे यतिनच्छात्रै सुधीन्द्रवंरै |

 

श्रीमद्वेंकट नायको विजयते गोश्रीपुरे स्थापिता

 

||

 

Shakshema Nayaneshtu Bhuparimite

 

Varsha Vikaaryavyahye |

 

Chaitrai Chitrabhe Samyute Shubha Dine

 

Rakatithou Vaasare ||

 

Shukre Shri Vijayendratirthe

 

Yatinachaathrai Sudhindra Varai |

 

Shrimadvenkata Naayako Vijayathe

 

Gosripure Sthapitha ||

 

After installing the idol, the Swamiji had

 

obtained a letter of authority from his

 

Guru, prescribing the manner in which

 

daily pujas have to be conducted in the

 

temple. A summary of this letter is as

 

follows:-

 

“Rich Goud Saraswath Brahmins of Goa

 

had migrated to Cochin (Gosripuram).

 

These were called Mahajans. You (these

 

Brahmanas) have founded Shri

 

Venkatesha Temple in Cochin. This is a

 

sacred place. In order to protect

 

Swadharma, a committee of 46 people

 

(22 Grihasthas and 24 Vaidikas) was

 

appointed. Also, another committee of 18

 

members (two trustees – Mhala Pai and

 

Prabhu, eight officers and eight

 

Grihasthas) was appointed to look after

 

the daily management of the temple. The

 

Vaidikas should follow Smriti Muktavali,

 

a Vaishnava grantha, given by Shrimath

 

Vijayendra Thirtha for performing the

 

daily pujas in the temple according to

 

Vaishnava code. The trustees and other

 

members of the committee should ensure

 

that these rules are observed faithfully”.

 

Later Shrimath Upendra Thirtha Swamiji

 

visited Cochin. Every day he taught the

 

scriptures and gave religious discourses.

 

The people were blessed with

 

Mantropadesha and Mudra Dharana. It

 

appeared that there were certain

 

difficulties in observing all the rules

 

prescribed by Shrimath Sudhindra

 

Thirtha Swamiji of Kumbakonam Math.

 

The people pleaded, “We do not know

 

anything; since we have little knowledge

 

we commit errors while worshipping

 

Lord Venkatapati, please guide us”. At

 

the request of the Cochin Goud

 

Saraswath Brahmins, Shrimath Upendra

 

Thirtha Swamiji made certain changes in

 

these methods of puja in the temple by

 

teaching them Agama Shastra and a letter

 

of authority (Ajna Rayas) dated Jeshta

 

Shuddha Dvadashi of Jaya Samvatsara,

 

Sh. Sh. 1576 (corresponding to

 

Wednesday, 17th May 1654). The letter

 

is summarised below:

 

“Let Goud Saraswath Brahmins of Cochin

 

be considered as Mahajanas. As decided

 

by the previous Swamiji (Shrimath

 

Sudhindra Thirtha of Kumbhakonam

 

Matha) the Mahajanas comprise

 

Vaidikas, officers and the rest. These

 

three groups contributed their mite in

 

founding the Venkatesha temple as well

 

as for conducting pujas five times a day

 

and Utsavas. The Vaidikas have to

 

perform the pujas according to

 

Pancharatragama. Let the people

 

perform Jati Dharma, Ashrama Dharma,

 

Havya Kavya Karma etc. according to

 

this Grantha. When we are away on

 

pilgrimage or tour of other places, let the

 

pujas performed by us in the temple be

 

performed by the principal Vaidika, who

 

shall be honoured by presenting Tambul,

 

Dakshina etc, which are due to us. This

 

was ordered by the earlier Swamiji and

 

let it be continued. Let the people follow

 

the injunctions of Ten Granthas –

 

Smritimuktavali, Smriti Kausthubha,

 

Vijnaneshwari, Smriti Chandrika,

 

Nirnaya Sindhu, Parashara Smriti,

 

Karma Siddhanta, Prayoga Darpana,

 

Hemadri Prayashchitta and Kaladarsha.

 

As ordained by the earlier Swamiji, the

 

right to perform the pujas in the temple

 

shall rest with the principal Acharya

 

among the Vaidikas and his heirs. If

 

there are any faults the trustees and

 

officers should consult the Vaidikas and

 

set it right and also perform

 

Prayashchitta. We proclaim that if the

 

Acharya is at fault, he shall be

 

appropriately punished by the officers.

 

When we camp at Cochin, the expenses

 

incurred on account of the pujas of Shri

 

Vyasa-Raghupati (Shree Samsthan

 

Deities) shall be borne from the funds of

 

the temple. If there are any orphans in

 

Goud Saraswath Brahmin community,

 

the temple shall take possession of their

 

funds, if any, and their thread

 

ceremony, marriage and the funeral

 

rites shall be the responsibility of the

 

temple.

 

“The right of trusteeship of the temple

 

shall be hereditary. If there are any

 

difference of opinion among the

 

committee members (officers and

 

Grihasthas), we proclaim that these shall

 

be resolved at a meeting of the

 

responsible members of the whole

 

community and the temple work shall

 

not suffer. The balance amount from the

 

temple income remaining after

 

defraying the legitimate expenses of the

 

temple shall remain (after the

 

accountant prepares the annual

 

accounts) with the chief trustee. Vaidikas

 

and officers and others shall perform all

 

the duties of Shree Samsthan prescribed

 

by us. The right of Karmanga (puja etc.)

 

shall rest with the Vaidikas. Income and

 

expenditure, temple management etc.

 

shall be looked after by the officers who

 

shall punish those who err in the affairs

 

of Shree Samsthan. Thus these two

 

groups shall look after the Samsthan

 

affairs. If there is any difference of

 

opinion among these two groups, it has

 

to be resolved at a meeting of the

 

responsible members of the whole

 

community. At such a meeting, a Shenvi,

 

appointed by the community shall

 

convince all concerned people. If a

 

dispute arises in the community itself, a

 

Swamiji of our Math Samsthan shall be

 

consulted and his decision shall be final

 

and binding”.

 

After sometime, He left for the North. He

 

circumambulated the Vindhya

 

Mountains and then reached Kashi. He

 

expanded the Moola Math at Kashi. He

 

practiced the religious duty of Sanyas

 

with faith. He propagated the philosophy

 

of Madhwa.

 

As soon as He heard of the Samadhi of His Guru

 

Sri Keshavendra Thirtha, Upendra Thirtha (living

 

in Kashi), who was the older Shishya of Sri

 

Keshavendra Thirtha, arrived in Basrur. He sat in

 

great sorrow near the Vrindavan of His master,

 

and meditated with the resolve. Yadavendra II

 

(the younger Shishya of Sri Keshavendra Thirtha)

 

requested Sri Upendra Thirtha to initiate a

 

Shishya as He wanted to spend His time in a

 

secluded place free from earthly bondage.

 

Subsequently, Upendra Thirtha left for Kashi.

There he initiated his (former) brother’s son into

 

 

 

 

 

sanyasa, renamed him as Shrimath Raghavendra

 

Thirtha and accepted him as his Patta-Shishya.

 

Their inter relationships are shown in Fig. 5.

 
22233333

Fig. 5 : Inter-relationship between some

 

 

 

 

 

Swamijis of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan.

 

There, Sri UPENDRA THIRTHA handed

 

over all the Movable and Immovable

 

properties of the Math to Sri

 

Raghavendra Thirtha and lived in Kashi

 

all alone. He lived life without any

 

attachments. He only thought of Lord

 

Vyasa and Raghupati. He did only

 

mental worship. He always meditated on

 

the banks of the River Ganga, unaware

 

of his own self. He was in a state of not

 

knowing anything about the outside

 

world.

 

It was on Kartika Shuddha Shashti of

 

Ananda Samvatsara, Sh. Sh. 1596

 

(corresponding to Saturday, 24th

 

October 1674) that Shrimath Upendra

 

Thirtha Swamiji attained Maha Samadhi

 

in Kashi. According to a custom,

 

followed in Shree Kashi Math Samsthan,

 

whenever a Swamiji passed away in

 

Kashi, the mortal remains of the Swamiji

 

would then be placed in a box made of

 

rock slabs and lowered into the holy

 

river Ganga, who was born of Lord

 

Vishnu’s toe. Only an idol of Hanuman

 

will be consecrated, in the name of the

 

Guru who has attained Mukti, and

 

formal structure of a Vrindavan will be

 

built for Puja Purposes.

H.H SHRIMATH YADAVENDRA (II) THIRTHA SWAMIJI

H.H SHRIMATH YADAVENDRA (II) THIRTHA

SWAMIJI

H.H Shrimath Keshavendra Thirtha Swamiji (the

second Mathadhipathi of Shree Kashi Math

Samsthan) had initiated another vatu into

sanyasa and had named him SHRIMATH

YADAVENDRA THIRTHA, the same name as his

Guru’s. Thus he may be known as Yadavendra

(II) Thirtha.

Sri Yadavendra (II ) Thirtha stayed in Basrur Shri

Kashi Math, always worshipping the holy feet of

His Guru Sri Keshavendra and attending to His

needs. He was an expert in serving His Guru till

His Guru’s Samadhi in 1670 at Basrur.

Firstly, document No. 6 us dated 4 Ramzan 1081

A.H. Thursday, 5th January, 1671. This is

summarized below:

SEAL

Utaf Ali Kazi

In the court of Kazi Sayyad Inayatulla. Under the

court seal of Khaja Najir dost Mohammed Shaikh

Ajajulla. Issue on 4th Ramazan 1081 A.H,

(Thursday, 5th January, 1671).

“This day a respectable man named Hanumanta

Bhat (Yadavendra, after becoming a sanyasi), son

of Taman Bhat, son of Narayana Bhat, declared in

the administrative office of Mohammadabad alias

Banaras”.

This refers to a building constructed on a plot

measuring 17yd x 15yd and surrounded on the

four sides as shown in Fig6. The plot and the

structures (the location is the same as that

described in document no. 9) where in the

possession of Keshava Thirtha (alias Rama Bhat),

son of Narayana Bhat. While he was alive (he

passed away in 1670), Keshava Thirtha had

donated the whole plot along with the structures

thereon to Yadavendra (alias Hanumanta), who

was in the possession of the plot, the structures

as well as the relevant document (Document no.

9 described earlier is the donation deed referred

to here), which was then produced before the

Kazis, who read it and confirmed the contents

thereof.

121

Fig. 6: Plot donated by Yadavendra (II) Thirtha to

Narayana Bhat (Raghavendra Thirtha) in Banaras

(Document No. 6)

Yadavendra (II) Thirtha then went on declaring

that he was on that day (5th January, 1671)

donating the plot with the structures thereon to

his brother’s son Narayana Bhat (later

Raghavendra Thirtha).

Narayana Bhat accepted this donation in the

presence of the Kazis and took possession of the

relevant documents. The document goes on to

describe Yadavendra (II) Thirtha as having a

wheat complexion. This tall person with wide

brows and wide eyes had a scar on the forehead

and black moustaches and beard. His age (in

1671) was 42 years (giving the year of his birth

as 1629)

Document Nos. 3 and 15 relate to the purchase

of a plot by Yadavendra (II) Thirtha in Banaras on

Thursday 26th March 1674 (28th Jilhaz, 1084

A.H.) from one Shri Raghunatha Bhat. The plot

with certain structures with various halls, some

with wooden ceilings, was surrounded on the four

sides·as shown in Fig. 7. This was in the

possession of one Shri Ramesh Bhat, after whose

death it was passed on to his three sons, one of

them being Bishan Bhat. On passing away of

Bishan Bhat, his share of the property was

automatically transferred to his son Raghunatha

Bhat. The rest of the plot, owned by his two

uncles, was also transferred to him by the uncles

in exchange nor another structure. One of them

died and his wife inherited it (the other structure)

. The said plot and the structure thereon (shown

in Fig. 7) was in the absolute possession of

Raghunatha Bhat. After thus establishing his

ownership and title to the said plot and structure,

Raghunatha Bhat sold them to Yadavendra (II)

Thirtha for Rs.200/-

123

Fig. 7 : Plot of land bought by Yadavendra (II)

from Raghunatha Bhat

Another document (No. J 7) gives the inter-

relations of some Swamijis of Shree Kashi Math

Samsthan as shown in Fig. 8.

122

Fig. 8 : Inter-relationship between some Swamiji

of the Kashi Matha Samsthan (Document No. 17)

This is dated 4th Zilkaz, 1126 A.H. (Sunday 31st

October, 1714) three years after passing away of

Shrimath Yadavendra Thirtha II. His brother’s

(Venkat Bhat’s) three sons, Vittala, Narayana

(who had already become Devendra Thirtha by

then) and Rama claimed that they were the

successors of Yadavendra (II) Thirtha in the court

of Mohammadabad alias Banaras. Two witnesses

of the Brahma Ghat, Banaras (one Madhava Bhat,

son of Bhima Bhat, son of Rama Bhat and

another Rama Bhat, son of Narayana Bhat, son of

Bhima Bhat, both being Maratha Brahmanas) are

mentioned in the document.

Document No. 28 deals with the donation of the

plot purchased by Yadavendra Thirtha II in 1674

and covered in Document Nos. 3 and 15 after his

death to his nephew Bishan Bhat (son of Rama

Bhat) by his brothers and is dated 27th Safar,

1127 A.H. corresponding to Monday 21st Feb.,

1715. This was filed by Hanumanta Bhat’s

(Yadavendra Thirtha II’s) nephews (Vittala Bhat,

Narayana Bhat alias Devendra Thirtha and Rama

Bhat, sons of Venkata Bhat) in the Banaras court

(Jafar Mohammad Kasim).

After describing the plot and the structures

thereon (almost the same as those described in

Document No.3) the nephews declared that their

uncle (Yadavendra Thirtha II) had passed away

and that they had jointly inherited his said

property and produced the relevant records in the

Court. They further declared that they were jointly

donating the entire property to Bishan Bhat, son

of Rama Bhat (one of the donors). Subsequently,

Bishan Bhat took possession of the relevant

records and admitted in the court that he did so.

The donors pledged that they would not raise any

objections in the future regarding this donation.

Shrimath Yadavendra (II) Thirtha , the fourth in

the Guru Parampara of Shree Kashi Math

Samsthan did not initiate anyone into sanyas. In

the later years of his life, he visited the Karnataka

region and camped in Hemmady, where he

attained Maha Samadhi on Bhadrapada Shuddha

Purnima of Khara Samvatsara, Sh. Sh. 1633,

corresponding to Saturday, 15th September 1711

A.D. He had lived to a ripe old age of 82 years.

His Vrindavana is in Hemmady near the river

Chakra.

H.H SHRIMATH RAGHAVENDRA THIRTHA SWAMIJI

4
SRI RAGHAVENDRA THIRTHA
ragh
SRI RAGHAVENDRA THIRTHA, the Shishya of
Shrimath Upendra Thirtha (third Mathadhipati),
became the fifth Swamiji of Shree Kashi Math
Samsthan. He had founded Shri Lakshmi
Narasimha temple in the Moola Math at
Vanarasi.
His Guru Sri Upendra Thirtha had told Him with
pleasing words, “I am old in body and
everything I have belongs to you. Protect the
honour of the Math and protect the disciples.
You must always be calm and honest. I have a
great thirst to go to Kashi and stay there
permanently. I will wander from place to place,
thinking how to progress our Dharma. I will
certainly meet You again”. Sri Raghavendra
Thirtha cried and prostrated when He heard
Guru’s words. Sri Upendra Thirtha gave Abhaya
(assurance of protection) to all devotees and
left for Kashi.
Raghavendra Thirtha was motionless when the
news came that Upendra Thirtha had attained
Mukti on Saturday October 24, 1674 A.D. He was
greatly distressed, “Now, I have become an
orphan. Who is there to look after me? I will
fulfill my obligations to Guru and I will pray
with devotion for His guidance to protect the
Math. I also prostrate to all my Gurus with
devotion”.
Raghavendra Thirtha was a great ascetic,
intelligent, a brilliant personality, a knower of
truth who practiced penance. He was free from
all attachments and was a great devotee of the
Lord. He had the Darshan of the Lord in
waking, dream and deep sleep state.
Raghavendra Thirtha spent all His time in
worshipping and meditating on Lord.
Once there was an ascetic from Kumbakonam
Matha called Swami Yogendra Thirtha, who was
the disciple successor of Swami Raghavendra
Thirtha of Mantralaya. Until the time of Swami
Raghavendra Thirtha of Kumbhakonam
(Mantralaya) Matha and Swami Yadavendra (II)
Thirtha of Shree Kashi Math Samsthan the
relationship of two Mathas with each other was
verv friendly and cordial. The trouble began
only after Swami Yogendra Thirtha ascended the
Kumbhakonam Peetha. Due to constant
pampering of the narrow minded Pandits
around him made Swami Yogendra Thirtha to
set his greedy – eyes on the rich Cochin